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    1. Neuroscience

    Retinal direction selectivity in the absence of asymmetric starburst amacrine cell responses

    Laura Hanson et al.
    Experimental and computational models reveal how parallel 'core' mechanisms shape direction selectivity at the dendrites of starburst amacrine cells and ganglion cells in the mouse retina.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Biophysical mechanisms in the mammalian respiratory oscillator re-examined with a new data-driven computational model

    Ryan S Phillips et al.
    Computational modeling motivated by recent experiments clarifies biophysical mechanisms generating the rhythm and amplitude of breathing at the level of neurons and brain circuits in mammals.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Species-specific maturation profiles of human, chimpanzee and bonobo neural cells

    Maria C Marchetto et al.
    Using iPSCs as a model to study neurodevelopmental differences between human and nonhuman primates lays the groundwork for understanding aspects of human brain evolution and neurological disease susceptibility.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of malodour precursor transport in the human axilla

    Gurdeep S Minhas et al.
    Discovery of the structural basis for recognition and uptake of a human precursor for body odour production reveals an important role for bacterial peptide transport and novel routes to prevent its production in humans.
    1. Neuroscience

    Two central pattern generators from the crab, Cancer borealis, respond robustly and differentially to extreme extracellular pH

    Jessica A Haley et al.
    The rhythms generated by the stomatogastric and cardiac ganglia of the Jonah crab are surprisingly robust but differentially sensitive to acute changes in extracellular pH from pH 5.5 to 10.4.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Multisite dependency of an E3 ligase controls monoubiquitylation-dependent cell fate decisions

    Achim Werner et al.
    Simultaneous phosphorylation of multiple substrate motifs drives switch-like target recognition and monoubiquitylation by an E3 ligase during metazoan development.
    1. Neuroscience

    Motoneuron Wnts regulate neuromuscular junction development

    Chengyong Shen et al.
    A novel role of motoneuron Wnts in regulating presynaptic development at the neuromuscular junction.
    1. Cell Biology

    Dynein–Dynactin–NuMA clusters generate cortical spindle-pulling forces as a multi-arm ensemble

    Masako Okumura et al.
    Optogenetic reconstitution reveals core functional modules and architecture of the cortical force-generating machinery in human cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural circuitry of a polycystin-mediated hydrodynamic startle response for predator avoidance

    Luis A Bezares-Calderón et al.
    The Platynereis startle circuit links polycystin-dependent hydrodynamic sensors to muscle and ciliary effector cells.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Zygotic gene activation in the chicken occurs in two waves, the first involving only maternally derived genes

    Young Sun Hwang et al.
    In Aves, the first wave of transcription is derived exclusively from the maternal genome.