1,527 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Modular transcriptional programs separately define axon and dendrite connectivity

    Yerbol Z Kurmangaliyev et al.
    Diverse morphologies of Drosophila T4/T5 neuronal subtypes are defined by the modular assembly of transcriptional programs for distinct wiring features.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    IFI16, a nuclear innate immune DNA sensor, mediates epigenetic silencing of herpesvirus genomes by its association with H3K9 methyltransferases SUV39H1 and GLP

    Arunava Roy et al.
    The innate immune DNA sensor IFI16 is in association with H3K9 methyltransferases SUV39H1 and GLP under physiological conditions in the nucleus which facilitates the epigenetic silencing of foreign viral DNA.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Intracellular cholesterol trafficking is dependent upon NPC2 interaction with lysobisphosphatidic acid

    Leslie A McCauliff et al.
    Sterol kinetics and cell-based assays reveal a heretofore unknown step in cholesterol trafficking through the endolysosomal compartment, involving a direct functional interaction between NPC2 and lysosbisphosphatidic acid.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Direct binding of phosphatidylglycerol at specific sites modulates desensitization of a ligand-gated ion channel

    Ailing Tong et al.
    Phosphatidylglycerol binding at multiple sites stabilizes the open state relative to the desensitized state of a pentameric ligand-gated ion channel.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Shifts in myeloarchitecture characterise adolescent development of cortical gradients

    Casey Paquola et al.
    Layer-specific microstructural changes contribute to the maturation of cortical organisation during adolescence.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    TMC1 is an essential component of a leak channel that modulates tonotopy and excitability of auditory hair cells in mice

    Shuang Liu et al.
    Other than its function in mechanotransduction, TMC1 is indispensable for action potential firing of auditory hair cells by mediating a leak conductance that alters tonotopically along the cochlea coil.
    1. Neuroscience

    Light-at-night exposure affects brain development through pineal allopregnanolone-dependent mechanisms

    Shogo Haraguchi et al.
    Diurnal variation loss of pineal allopregnanolone synthesis by light-at-night induces pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) reduction and transcriptional PACAP repression in the cerebellum, with subsequent Purkinje cell death.
    1. Plant Biology

    Dynamic ubiquitination determines transcriptional activity of the plant immune coactivator NPR1

    Michael J Skelly et al.
    Expression of plant immune genes is controlled by the opposing actions of ubiquitin ligases and deubiquitinases that modify the master coactivator NPR1, thereby regulating its intrinsic transcriptional activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    ON selectivity in the Drosophila visual system is a multisynaptic process involving both glutamatergic and GABAergic inhibition

    Sebastian Molina-Obando et al.
    A fundamental visual computation, the establishment of ON selectivity, is established across distributed circuits, allowing for more robust and flexible coding than suggested by core circuit motifs.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    CTCF confers local nucleosome resiliency after DNA replication and during mitosis

    Nick Owens et al.
    In contrast to other transcription factors, CTCF and Esrrb rapidly regain binding after replication and remain bound to their targets during mitosis, preserving local nucleosome organization throughout the cell cycle.

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