1,173 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Tissue-resident macrophages promote extracellular matrix homeostasis in the mammary gland stroma of nulliparous mice

    Ying Wang et al.
    A distinct resident macrophage subpopulation that localizes to the adipose stroma and fibrous capsule of the nulliparous mammary gland and to extracellular matrix-enriched stroma surrounding mammary tumors is identified.
    1. Neuroscience

    Balance between BDNF and Semaphorins gates the innervation of the mammary gland

    Hadas Sar Shalom et al.
    The innervation of the mammary gland is controlled by opposing effects of neurotrophic and repulsive factors and, once trophic signaling is inhibited the repulsive factors, may promote axonal pruning.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Molecular conservation of marsupial and eutherian placentation and lactation

    Michael W Guernsey et al.
    The short-lived tammar wallaby placenta expresses genes resembling eutherian placentas, establishing marsupials as "placental mammals", further, dynamic lactation allows marsupials to compensate for short placentation by expressing key placental genes in the mammary gland.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Paracrine Met signaling triggers epithelial–mesenchymal transition in mammary luminal progenitors, affecting their fate

    Amandine Di-Cicco et al.
    Mammary progenitors identified by a new marker, ICAM-1, undergo epithelial-mesenchymal transition and luminal-to-basal switch in response to paracrine Met activation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Estrogen exacerbates mammary involution through neutrophil-dependent and -independent mechanism

    Chew Leng Lim et al.
    Estrogen aggravates mammary involution through lysosome-mediated cell death, neutrophil recruitment via CXCR2 signalling, neutrophil-mediated inflammation and adipocyte repopulation.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Branching morphogenesis in the developing kidney is not impacted by nephron formation or integration

    Kieran M Short et al.
    Analysing developing mouse kidneys demonstrates nephron formation does not significantly impact branching morphogenesis of the ureteric bud, suggesting this process is distinct from branching in organs like the mammary gland.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Secondary ossification center induces and protects growth plate structure

    Meng Xie et al.
    The principle underlying the appearance of the growth plate, an organ responsible for longitudinal growth, has implications for various cartilage pathologies including growth abnormalities in children, trauma and osteoarthritis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    miR-142 regulates the tumorigenicity of human breast cancer stem cells through the canonical WNT signaling pathway

    Taichi Isobe et al.
    Insights into the roles and mechanisms of two of the miRNAs upregulated in human breast cancer stem cells in at least some breast cancers are presented.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Independent amylase gene copy number bursts correlate with dietary preferences in mammals

    Petar Pajic et al.
    Comprehensive analyses of amylase duplications and salivary activity across mammals underscore the importance of recurrent copy number variation as a flexible and rapid evolutionary mechanism.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Reactive oxygen species-dependent Toll/NF-κB activation in the Drosophila hematopoietic niche confers resistance to wasp parasitism

    Isabelle Louradour et al.
    In the Drosophila hematopoietic microenvironment, a regulatory network involving Toll/NF-B, EGFR signaling and reactive oxygen species controls blood cell production in response to immune stress.

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