7,033 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    A novel isoform of MAP4 organises the paraxial microtubule array required for muscle cell differentiation

    Binyam Mogessie et al.
    oMAP4 is a microtubule crosslinker that restricts motor driven microtubule motility and cooperates with microtubule motors in the establishment of paraxial microtubule arrangements in differentiating muscle cells.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    c-Maf restrains T-bet-driven programming of CCR6-negative group 3 innate lymphoid cells

    Caroline Tizian et al.
    c-Maf is a novel key regulator of the type 3-to-1 conversion of CCR6 ILC3s that controls the functional plasticity of ILC3s by acting as a cell-intrinsic gatekeeper of T-bet expression.
    1. Neuroscience

    Layer 2/3 pyramidal cells in the medial prefrontal cortex moderate stress induced depressive behaviors

    Prerana Shrestha et al.
    The well-established link between stress and depression could be due to the activity of a population of cells in prefrontal cortex that express a gene mutated in the rare disorder Wolfram syndrome.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Activation of PTHrP-cAMP-CREB1 signaling following p53 loss is essential for osteosarcoma initiation and maintenance

    Mannu K Walia et al.
    The loss of p53 in bone cells activates critical signaling pathways; these are also essential in bone cancer.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Chromatin signature of widespread monoallelic expression

    Anwesha Nag et al.
    Active and repressive chromatin marks, asymmetrically distributed between alleles, distinguish gene bodies subject to epigenetically controlled monoallelic expression on autosomes in human cells.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Stimulation strength controls the rate of initiation but not the molecular organisation of TCR-induced signalling

    Claire Y Ma et al.
    The strength of TCR signalling determines the rate at which cells initiate a tightly coordinated signalling programme, without altering its organization.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Defining the role of pulmonary endothelial cell heterogeneity in the response to acute lung injury

    Terren K Niethamer et al.
    Single-cell RNA sequencing reveals extensive endothelial cell (EC) heterogeneity throughout the lung vasculature and identifies two distinct populations, Car4-high ECs and proliferative ECs, that preferentially respond to lung injury.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Principles of dengue virus evolvability derived from genotype-fitness maps in human and mosquito cells

    Patrick T Dolan et al.
    Distinct selective landscapes in mosquito and human cells shape dengue virus genetic diversity and highlight mechanisms of host adaptation in arboviruses.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Genetic and epigenetic variation in the lineage specification of regulatory T cells

    Aaron Arvey et al.
    There is limited epigenetic conservation of lineage-specific DNA elements in Treg cells, and genetic variation in Treg cell specific enhancers is associated with autoimmune disease.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Incomplete inhibition of HIV infection results in more HIV infected lymph node cells by reducing cell death

    Laurelle Jackson et al.
    Under conditions where the force of HIV infection per cell is high, partial attenuation of infection with inhibitors can increase the number of live infected cells and may paradoxically be beneficial for viral spread.

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