23 results found
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Why is cyclic dominance so rare?

    Hye Jin Park et al.
    A mathematical model for a popular biological diversity mechanism, cyclic dominance, is more likely to emerge by assembly than by evolutionary diversification, which rationalizes why few empirically studies find it.
    1. Ecology

    Biodiversity mediates the effects of stressors but not nutrients on litter decomposition

    Léa Beaumelle et al.
    The consequences of real-world biodiversity change for ecosystem functioning depend on the type of global change driver and can be particularly significant when human activities decrease biodiversity.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Divergent sensory investment mirrors potential speciation via niche partitioning across Drosophila

    Ian W Keesey et al.
    Phototaxis and courtship behavioral preferences reflect strong correlation with differences in olfactory and visual nervous system investment across five monophyletic Drosophila species, and could help explain their speciation events.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genomic and phenotypic evolution of Escherichia coli in a novel citrate-only resource environment

    Zachary D Blount et al.
    Transposable elements and gene amplifications can provide variation needed for novel trait refinement and adaptation to new niches, though a recalcitrant organism-environment mismatch may persist.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    Determining the scale at which variation in a single gene changes population yields

    Erica McGale et al.
    Variation in the gene NaMPK4 in plant populations increases reproductive yield, an effect which appears to be independent of soil water availability, neighbor-scale interactions and associations with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Flower-like patterns in multi-species bacterial colonies

    Liyang Xiong et al.
    Mechanical interactions between bacterial species with different motility characteristics play an important role in spatial-temporal dynamics of multi-species bacterial colonies and can lead to formation of complex patterns.
    1. Ecology

    Biophysical and physiological processes causing oxygen loss from coral reefs

    Cynthia B Silveira et al.
    Coral reef heterotrophic bacteria and fleshy macroalgae cause oxygen loss from reef systems through microbial biomass accumulation and ebullition from algae surfaces.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A new family of cell surface located purine transporters in Microsporidia and related fungal endoparasites

    Peter Major et al.
    Transporters shared by fungal intracellular parasites provide new insights into the evolution of nucleotide and energy parasitism.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    The genomes of polyextremophilic cyanidiales contain 1% horizontally transferred genes with diverse adaptive functions

    Alessandro W Rossoni et al.
    Horizontal gene transfer (HGT) analysis in polyextremophile red algae (Cyanidiales) provides explanations for the nonexistence of cumulative effects and eukaryotic pangenomes, and highlights differences between HGT and native genes.
    1. Ecology

    Plant diversity maintains multiple soil functions in future environments

    Nico Eisenhauer et al.
    Empirical evidence shows that conserving local plant diversity is a robust strategy to maintain multiple valuable ecosystem services provided by soils in both present and future environmental conditions.

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