35 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Secondary ossification center induces and protects growth plate structure

    Meng Xie et al.
    The principle underlying the appearance of the growth plate, an organ responsible for longitudinal growth, has implications for various cartilage pathologies including growth abnormalities in children, trauma and osteoarthritis.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    ZCWPW1 is recruited to recombination hotspots by PRDM9 and is essential for meiotic double strand break repair

    Daniel Wells et al.
    ZCWPW1 has co-evolved with PRDM9, in particular the PRDM9-SET domain, and although not involved in PRDM9's role in positioning recombination events, it is required for PRDM9's role in pairing chromosomes.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Transient role of the middle ear as a lower jaw support across mammals

    Neal Anthwal et al.
    The incus of the middle ear plays a role in supporting the lower jaw prior to the formation of the mammalian jaw joint allowing early feeding in monotremes and marsupials.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Retrocopying expands the functional repertoire of APOBEC3 antiviral proteins in primates

    Lei Yang et al.
    Genomes take advantage of the gene-duplicating ability of retroelements to birth novel innate immune defense genes.
    1. Ecology

    Modelling the climatic suitability of Chagas disease vectors on a global scale

    Fanny E Eberhard et al.
    The global ensemble forecasting niche modelling of 11 vector competent triatomine species revealed climatic suitable regions outside their native distribution including the cosmopolitan vector Triatoma rubrofasciata.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution of multifunctionality through a pleiotropic substitution in the innate immune protein S100A9

    Joseph L Harman et al.
    In the ancestor of mammals, a multifunctional innate immune protein evolved when a mutation enhanced the protein’s pro-inflammatory activity and proteolytic regulation without disrupting the protein’s antimicrobial activity.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Pan-mammalian analysis of molecular constraints underlying extended lifespan

    Amanda Kowalczyk et al.
    Cancer control, DNA repair, and immunity are key functionalities underlying the evolution of extended lifespan in mammals.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Resolving homology in the face of shifting germ layer origins: Lessons from a major skull vault boundary

    Camilla S Teng et al.
    Homology of vertebrate skull structures should be based on evolutionary continuity and an appreciation of germ layer origins and inductive signaling in the embryonic head.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Retinal oxygen supply shaped the functional evolution of the vertebrate eye

    Christian Damsgaard et al.
    Multiple respiratory and vascular mechanisms have recurrently evolved across the vertebrates to alleviate the oxygen diffusion limitations inherent to the morphology of the retina.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Fgf-signaling is compartmentalized within the mesenchyme and controls proliferation during salamander limb development

    Sruthi Purushothaman et al.
    While movement of Fgf-signaling to the limb mesenchyme accompanied a shift in function, the ultimate outcome remains a convergent tetrapod limb phenotype.

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