33 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Retrocopying expands the functional repertoire of APOBEC3 antiviral proteins in primates

    Lei Yang et al.
    Genomes take advantage of the gene-duplicating ability of retroelements to birth novel innate immune defense genes.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    The newly-arisen Devil facial tumour disease 2 (DFT2) reveals a mechanism for the emergence of a contagious cancer

    Alison Caldwell et al.
    A recently discovered contagious cancer in the Tasmanian devil has the potential to become widespread in the population due to the loss of histocompatibility antigens that are allogeneic to its hosts.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Evaluating mesenchymal stem cell therapy for sepsis with preclinical meta-analyses prior to initiating a first-in-human trial

    Manoj M Lalu et al.
    A rigorous and transparent evaluation of mesenchymal stem cell therapy for sepsis suggests it may be efficacious, although the strength of these findings is tempered by threats to validity in the studies that were included.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A cerebellar substrate for cognition evolved multiple times independently in mammals

    Jeroen B Smaers et al.
    Multiple independent directional selection events on a neural substrate that underpins domain-general associative abilities partly explains independent occurrences of complex behavior in different lineages of mammals.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Oldest skeleton of a fossil flying squirrel casts new light on the phylogeny of the group

    Isaac Casanovas-Vilar et al.
    Flying squirrels may have originated earlier than previously thought and remained unchanged for almost 12 million years.
  1. Media coverage: September roundup of eLife papers in the news

    High-profile news coverage that eLife papers generated in September 2017, including the Independent, Nature and New Scientist.
  2. Episode 43: November 2017

    In this episode, we hear about tool use in monkeys, sleep regulation, marsupial placentas, health campaigns and why science papers are so hard to read.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Retinal oxygen supply shaped the functional evolution of the vertebrate eye

    Christian Damsgaard et al.
    Multiple respiratory and vascular mechanisms have recurrently evolved across the vertebrates to alleviate the oxygen diffusion limitations inherent to the morphology of the retina.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    The brown adipocyte protein CIDEA promotes lipid droplet fusion via a phosphatidic acid-binding amphipathic helix

    David Barneda et al.
    An interaction between the brown fat protein CIDEA and the phospholipid phosphatidic acid is vital for the expansion of intracellular lipid droplets for energy storage.

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