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    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Homeostatic and tumourigenic activity of SOX2+ pituitary stem cells is controlled by the LATS/YAP/TAZ cascade

    Emily J Lodge et al.
    The LATS/YAP/TAZ cascade promotes SOX2+ pituitary stem cell fate and when over-activated, transforms normal stem cells into cancer stem cells.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Single-cell expression profiling reveals dynamic flux of cardiac stromal, vascular and immune cells in health and injury

    Nona Farbehi et al.
    Comprehensive scRNA-seq analysis of cardiac stromal cells in healthy and injured hearts reveals novel cell types and non-linear cell dynamics, providing new insights into cardiac inflammation, fibrosis and repair.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Abnormal oxidative metabolism in a quiet genomic background underlies clear cell papillary renal cell carcinoma

    Jianing Xu et al.
    A distinct class of kidney tumors is characterized not by patterns of somatic mutations, but by a distinct metabolism.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Suppressor of fused controls perinatal expansion and quiescence of future dentate adult neural stem cells

    Hirofumi Noguchi et al.
    Sufu controls dentate gyrus stem cell quiescence by acting as a positive regulator of Shh signaling and loss of Sufu leads to dramatic failure to produce sufficient quiescent stem cells.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Panton–Valentine leucocidin is the key determinant of Staphylococcus aureus pyomyositis in a bacterial GWAS

    Bernadette C Young et al.
    Genome-wide association studies have established staphylococcal pyomyositis as a disease whose pathogenesis depends critically on expression of a single toxin, Panton–Valentine leukocidin.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Multiple decay events target HAC1 mRNA during splicing to regulate the unfolded protein response

    Patrick D Cherry et al.
    RNA decay is used at multiple points in the budding yeast unfolded protein response to regulate its suppression and activation, and possibly its attenuation.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Plasticity of Escherichia coli cell wall metabolism promotes fitness and antibiotic resistance across environmental conditions

    Elizabeth A Mueller et al.
    Environmental specialization of bacterial cell wall synthases influences intrinsic resistance to cell wall active antibiotics.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Structure and mechanism of a Hypr GGDEF enzyme that activates cGAMP signaling to control extracellular metal respiration

    Zachary F Hallberg et al.
    A newfound signaling enzyme that diverged from a protein family ubiquitous in bacteria provides mechanistic insights into how new signaling activity emerges to control distinct cellular function and physiology.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Transcriptional down-regulation of ccr5 in a subset of HIV+ controllers and their family members

    Elena Gonzalo-Gil et al.
    A subset of EC/VCs have CD4+T cells with resistance specific to R5-tropic HIV infection associated with transcriptional down-regulation of ccr5, a phenotype that appears to be heritable, across multiple generations.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Intergenerational epigenetic inheritance of cancer susceptibility in mammals

    Bluma J Lesch et al.
    Genetic knockout of the histone demethylase Kdm6a in the mouse germ line leads to elevated cancer incidence in genetically wild type offspring.