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685 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Cystic proliferation of germline stem cells is necessary to reproductive success and normal mating behavior in medaka

    Luisa F Arias Padilla et al.
    In medaka fish, the reduction of cystic proliferation of germ stem cells declines gametogenesis, reproduction success, and male sexual behavior, with a decrease of mating vigor.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Structural mechanism of ligand activation in human calcium-sensing receptor

    Yong Geng et al.
    L-amino acids are agonists of calcium-sensing receptor, and act jointly with calcium and phosphate ions to control receptor function.
    1. Neuroscience

    Gradients in the mammalian cerebellar cortex enable Fourier-like transformation and improve storing capacity

    Isabelle Straub et al.
    Electrophysiological and computational approaches show that superficial and deep cerebellar granule cells preferentially fire during low- and high-frequency inputs, respectively, enabling a Fourier-like transformation in the granule cell layer.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    High-resolution structures of kinesin on microtubules provide a basis for nucleotide-gated force-generation

    Zhiguo Shang et al.
    Microtubule attachment fundamentally modifies kinesin's behavior by triggering a ‘clamshell’ opening of the nucleotide cleft, subsequently reversed by ATP binding, that couples to cargo translocation.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Metazoan evolution of glutamate receptors reveals unreported phylogenetic groups and divergent lineage-specific events

    David Ramos-Vicente et al.
    The animal phylogeny of glutamate receptors indicates that vertebrate types do not account for all receptor classes originated during evolution, neither are they the pinnacle of a linear evolutive process.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ventral pallidal encoding of reward-seeking behavior depends on the underlying associative structure

    Jocelyn M Richard et al.
    Reward-related cues elicit phasic changes in activity in ventral pallidum neurons, which predict and functionally contribute to the speed of behaviors trained on the basis of act-outcome, but not stimulus-outcome, contingencies.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Philosophy of Biology: The meanings of 'function' in biology and the problematic case of de novo gene emergence

    Diane Marie Keeling et al.
    A lexicon to help scientists and philosophers discuss the meaning of function in molecular biology more clearly is proposed.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Kinesin and dynein use distinct mechanisms to bypass obstacles

    Luke S Ferro et al.
    Dynein bypasses obstacles on microtubules more efficiently than single kinesin, and kinesins overcome this limitation when transporting intracellular cargos in teams.
    1. Neuroscience

    Male pheromones modulate synaptic transmission at the C. elegans neuromuscular junction in a sexually dimorphic manner

    Kang-Ying Qian et al.
    Male pheromone environment increases the cholinergic synaptic transmission at the neuromuscular junction in Caenorhabditis elegans hermaphrodites during development, decreasing hermaphrodites' locomotion activity and promoting mating efficiency.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structures reveal specialization at the myosin VI-actin interface and a mechanism of force sensitivity

    Pinar S Gurel et al.
    Cryo-EM structures of actomyosin VI in multiple nucleotide states reveal a unique actin-myosin interface and a mechanism of force-sensitivity; furthermore, myosin VI remodels F-actin, suggesting a role for actin structural plasticity during force generation.

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