3,403 results found
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Immunization: Reducing measles mortality in India

    Anindya Sekhar Bose
    A large-scale campaign to promote measles vaccinations has substantially reduced the number of children dying from the disease in India.
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    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Parental vaccination to reduce measles immunity gaps in Italy

    Valentina Marziano et al.
    Offering measles vaccination to parents who bring their children to receive any dose of measles vaccine can accelerate measles elimination in Italy.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    The impact of measles immunization campaigns in India using a nationally representative sample of 27,000 child deaths

    Benjamin KC Wong et al.
    Measles immunization campaigns in India accelerated declines in child measles mortality rates and averted 41,000-56,000 child measles deaths during 2010 to 2013.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Self-sperm induce resistance to the detrimental effects of sexual encounters with males in hermaphroditic nematodes

    Lauren N Booth et al.
    Nematode hermaphroditism has co-evolved with a self-sperm sensing mechanism that protects hermaphrodites from the detrimental effects of mating with males.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Mating and male pheromone kill Caenorhabditis males through distinct mechanisms

    Cheng Shi et al.
    Male C. elegans die through two distinct mechanisms – mating-induced germline activation, and potent male pheromone toxicity – but the latter is unique to males of androdioecious species (made up of hermaphrodites and males).
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Dynamics of preventive vs post-diagnostic cancer control using low-impact measures

    Andrei R Akhmetzhanov, Michael E Hochberg
    A model based on empirical parameter estimates predicts that arresting cancer cell growth by less than 1% per day will produce optimal outcomes in preventing life-threatening cancers, and that such preventive measures are generally more successful than post-diagnostic interventions.
    1. Neuroscience

    A virtual burrow assay for head–fixed mice measures habituation, discrimination, exploration and avoidance without training

    Andrew JP Fink et al.
    A naturalistic assay for head-fixed mice permits observation of a diverse set of innate and learned behaviors without requiring any training.
    1. Neuroscience

    Female mice ultrasonically interact with males during courtship displays

    Joshua P Neunuebel et al.
    A microphone array enables the vocal contribution of each socially interacting individual to be quantified, and reveals that vocalizations are exchanged between the sexes during mouse courtship.
    1. Neuroscience

    Food odors trigger Drosophila males to deposit a pheromone that guides aggregation and female oviposition decisions

    Chun-Chieh Lin et al.
    The activation of Drosophila Or7a receptors guides aggregation and egg-laying behaviors towards both green leaf volatiles and a male-specific food-odor-induced pheromone.
    1. Neuroscience

    Re-expression of SynGAP protein in adulthood improves translatable measures of brain function and behavior

    Thomas K Creson et al.
    Severe neurodevelopmental disorder risk gene functions are retained into adulthood and they contribute to disease phenotypes, indicating that these patients may respond to treatments throughout life.

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