24 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Different neuronal populations mediate inflammatory pain analgesia by exogenous and endogenous opioids

    Xin-Yan Zhang et al.
    Exogenous opioid analgesia is mediated by MORs expressed in glutamatergic neurons, whereas endogenous opioid analgesia is mediated by MORs expressed in GABAergic neurons.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Aberrant subchondral osteoblastic metabolism modifies NaV1.8 for osteoarthritis

    Jianxi Zhu et al.
    Osteoblastic PGE2 induces pain and OA progression by NaV1.8 modification and serves as a potential target multiple skeletal pain and degenerations.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Disease-modifying effects of natural Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol in endometriosis-associated pain

    Alejandra Escudero-Lara et al.
    A mouse model of endometriosis reveals that moderate doses of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol produce clear regression of ectopic endometrial growths, pronounced alleviation of pelvic pain and unexpected memory improvements.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Spinal signalling of C-fiber mediated pleasant touch in humans

    Andrew G Marshall et al.
    Pleasant touch perception in humans is unaffected by spinothalamic disruption indicating integrated spinal processing of hedonic and discriminative tactile inputs rather than privileged C-tactile-lamina I-spinothalamic projections.
    1. Neuroscience

    Calretinin positive neurons form an excitatory amplifier network in the spinal cord dorsal horn

    Kelly M Smith et al.
    A signal amplifier network that transmits mechanical pain is delineated through characterising an excitatory interneuron population in the spinal cord dorsal horn and defining the postsynaptic populations they regulate.
    1. Neuroscience

    Excitatory neurons are more disinhibited than inhibitory neurons by chloride dysregulation in the spinal dorsal horn

    Kwan Yeop Lee et al.
    The flow of somatosensory information through the spinal dorsal horn is regulated by synaptic inhibition, which acts upon excitatory and inhibitory interneurons, but the former are especially prone to disinhibition.
    1. Neuroscience

    The mechanosensitive ion channel TRAAK is localized to the mammalian node of Ranvier

    Stephen G Brohawn et al.
    The mechanosensitive potassium channel TRAAK is localized to nodes of Ranvier is mammalian axons where it hyperpolarizes the resting potential and may contribute to mechanical repolarization of neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Stereotyped transcriptomic transformation of somatosensory neurons in response to injury

    Minh Q Nguyen et al.
    Peripheral injury induces a programmed but reversible transformation of gene expression in somatosensory neurons providing a mechanism to regulate sensory input during wound healing.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Characterization of small fiber pathology in a mouse model of Fabry disease

    Lukas Hofmann et al.
    Globotriaosylcermide directly impacts neuronal integrity and ion channel function as potential mechanism underlying small fiber pathology in Fabry disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dual leucine zipper kinase is required for mechanical allodynia and microgliosis after nerve injury

    Josette J Wlaschin et al.
    The DLK response pathway in neurons initiates the cascade of events leading to neuropathic pain after injury.

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