19 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Excitatory neurons are more disinhibited than inhibitory neurons by chloride dysregulation in the spinal dorsal horn

    Kwan Yeop Lee et al.
    The flow of somatosensory information through the spinal dorsal horn is regulated by synaptic inhibition, which acts upon excitatory and inhibitory interneurons, but the former are especially prone to disinhibition.
    1. Neuroscience

    The mechanosensitive ion channel TRAAK is localized to the mammalian node of Ranvier

    Stephen G Brohawn et al.
    The mechanosensitive potassium channel TRAAK is localized to nodes of Ranvier is mammalian axons where it hyperpolarizes the resting potential and may contribute to mechanical repolarization of neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Stereotyped transcriptomic transformation of somatosensory neurons in response to injury

    Minh Q Nguyen et al.
    Peripheral injury induces a programmed but reversible transformation of gene expression in somatosensory neurons providing a mechanism to regulate sensory input during wound healing.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Characterization of small fiber pathology in a mouse model of Fabry disease

    Lukas Hofmann et al.
    Globotriaosylcermide directly impacts neuronal integrity and ion channel function as potential mechanism underlying small fiber pathology in Fabry disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dual leucine zipper kinase is required for mechanical allodynia and microgliosis after nerve injury

    Josette J Wlaschin et al.
    The DLK response pathway in neurons initiates the cascade of events leading to neuropathic pain after injury.
    1. Neuroscience

    Keratinocytes mediate innocuous and noxious touch via ATP-P2X4 signaling

    Francie Moehring et al.
    Keratinocytes are critical for normal innocuous and noxious touch through their mechanically evoked ATP release and subsequent signaling to P2X4 channels on sensory neurons.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Pharmacological augmentation of nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) protects against paclitaxel-induced peripheral neuropathy

    Peter M LoCoco et al.
    Stimulation of the rate-limiting enzyme in the NAD salvage pathway protected against neurotoxicity and subsequent peripheral neuropathy associated with the widely utilized anticancer drug, paclitaxel.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional dichotomy in spinal- vs prefrontal-projecting locus coeruleus modules splits descending noradrenergic analgesia from ascending aversion and anxiety in rats

    Stefan Hirschberg et al.
    The locus coeruleus is organised into functional modules with subsets of noradrenergic neurones independently projecting to the spinal cord and prefrontal cortex to exert discrete, antithetical modulatory actions on a range of pain-related behaviours.
    1. Neuroscience

    Identification of a novel spinal nociceptive-motor gate control for Aδ pain stimuli in rats

    Dvir Blivis et al.
    A novel mechanism for gating nociceptive sensory-motor behavior is identified in freely behaving rats using high-speed videography that is controlled by posture and modulated by opioid and non-opioid receptor-dependent processes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Chronic pain induces generalized enhancement of aversion

    Qiaosheng Zhang et al.
    Chronic pain distorts intensity coding in the anterior cingulate cortex to give rise to generalized anatomically nonspecific enhancement in pain aversion.

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