2,921 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Bridging the gap between single-cell migration and collective dynamics

    Florian Thüroff et al.
    A computational model, based on single-cell features like contractility and polarizability, quantitatively describes cellular dynamics from the single cell level up to small cohorts and confluent tissues.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Why plants make puzzle cells, and how their shape emerges

    Aleksandra Sapala et al.
    Puzzle-shape cells in the epidermis of many plants form due to a development constraint based on mechanical forces.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Assembly and positioning of actomyosin rings by contractility and planar cell polarity

    Ivonne M Sehring et al.
    Contractility wins over the polarity pathway in a tug-of-war to position a cytokinesis-like actomyosin ring at the equator of notochord cells.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Cell volume changes contribute to epithelial morphogenesis in zebrafish Kupffer’s vesicle

    Agnik Dasgupta et al.
    During Kupffer's vesicle morphogenesis, cell volume anisotropy impacts cell shape changes.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The mobility of packaged phage genome controls ejection dynamics

    Alex Evilevitch
    Temperature and ionic conditions control the mechanical properties of virally encapsidated DNA and act as a switch between synchronized and desynchronized genome ejection dynamics in a phage population.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Piezo’s membrane footprint and its contribution to mechanosensitivity

    Christoph A Haselwandter, Roderick MacKinnon
    Membrane mechanics predict that the ion channel Piezo recruits the surrounding membrane to amplify its sensitivity to changes in membrane tension, with greatest sensitivity in the low-tension regime.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Science Forum: A Global lmmunological Observatory to meet a time of pandemics

    Michael J Mina et al.
    The COVID-19 pandemic has clearly demonstrated the need for a global system to monitor the dynamics of susceptibility and immunity, as well as infection, during epidemics and pandemics.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Mechanical force regulates tendon extracellular matrix organization and tenocyte morphogenesis through TGFbeta signaling

    Arul Subramanian et al.
    Perturbation of mechanical force at muscle attachments and its effects on tendon morphogenesis provides insights into the mechanisms underlying cellular responses to tensional force and resulting extracellular matrix production.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Epithelial colonies in vitro elongate through collective effects

    Jordi Comelles et al.
    Spontaneous elongation of epithelial colonies is related to the orientation of the mean nematic cell elongation field, as shown and tested with experiments and theory.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Secondary ossification center induces and protects growth plate structure

    Meng Xie et al.
    The principle underlying the appearance of the growth plate, an organ responsible for longitudinal growth, has implications for various cartilage pathologies including growth abnormalities in children, trauma and osteoarthritis.

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