1,377 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Integrative neuromechanics of crawling in D. melanogaster larvae

    Cengiz Pehlevan et al.
    An integrative model of coordinated crawling in fruit fly maggots links neuromuscular dynamics to body-substrate mechanics in the presence of proprioceptive feedback.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Extracellular matrix in multicellular aggregates acts as a pressure sensor controlling cell proliferation and motility

    Monika E Dolega et al.
    Theoretical predictions and experiments on multicellular aggregates indicate that the extracellular matrix acts as a mechanical sensor, which regulates cell proliferation and migration in a three-dimensional environment.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Distributed task-specific processing of somatosensory feedback for voluntary motor control

    Mohsen Omrani et al.
    Somatosensory feedback is transmitted to many sensory and motor cortical regions within 25 milliseconds and ongoing behavioural tasks alter the spatiotemporal pattern of this perturbation-related activity, supporting rapid motor responses to attain behavioural goals.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Mechanical stress contributes to the expression of the STM homeobox gene in Arabidopsis shoot meristems

    Benoît Landrein et al.
    Mechanical stress promotes the expression of the homeobox gene and meristem master regulator STM, synergistically and independently from auxin depletion.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Interplay of cell dynamics and epithelial tension during morphogenesis of the Drosophila pupal wing

    Raphaël Etournay et al.
    Autonomous patterns of cell contraction in the context of localized apical extracellular matrix constraints specify tissue stresses that reshape the wing epithelium.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Piezo’s membrane footprint and its contribution to mechanosensitivity

    Christoph A Haselwandter, Roderick MacKinnon
    Membrane mechanics predict that the ion channel Piezo recruits the surrounding membrane to amplify its sensitivity to changes in membrane tension, with greatest sensitivity in the low-tension regime.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Time-resolved mapping of genetic interactions to model rewiring of signaling pathways

    Florian Heigwer et al.
    Genetic interaction analysis by combinatorial genetic perturbation and high-throughput imaging maps time- and context-dependent crosstalk between signaling pathways.
    1. Cell Biology

    An ESCRT-LEM protein surveillance system is poised to directly monitor the nuclear envelope and nuclear transport system

    David J Thaller et al.
    ESCRT-driven mechanisms that sense and seal holes in the nuclear membranes directly monitor the nuclear transport system and the exposure of the inner nuclear membrane.
    1. Neuroscience

    Coding of whisker motion across the mouse face

    Kyle S Severson et al.
    Electrophysiology and information theory show that diverse classes of mechanoreceptors in the face inform the mouse brain about whisking.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Tuning of feedforward control enables stable muscle force-length dynamics after loss of autogenic proprioceptive feedback

    Joanne C Gordon et al.
    Running guinea fowl maintain stable running after loss of the stretch reflex in a major ankle extensor muscle, by increasing feedforward muscle activation to maintain ankle stiffness and work output.

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