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    1. Neuroscience

    Cerebellar modulation of synaptic input to freezing-related neurons in the periaqueductal gray

    Christopher E Vaaga et al.
    The mouse cerebellum regulates innate defensive neural circuitry by tonically controlling dopamine release in the periaqueductal gray, thereby modulating synaptic responses of the Chx10-positive neurons that generate freezing behavior.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Microneedle manipulation of the mammalian spindle reveals specialized, short-lived reinforcement near chromosomes

    Pooja Suresh et al.
    Directly exerting force on the mammalian spindle reveals local and short-lived reinforcement in the spindle center, well-suited to preserve connections to chromosomes over seconds and yet allow remodeling over minutes.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Cell-type diversity and regionalized gene expression in the planarian intestine

    David J Forsthoefel et al.
    Application of laser-capture microdissection to planarian intestinal tissue provides a new tool for analysis of tissue-specific gene expression in flatworms, and a new resource to advance investigations of gastrointestinal regeneration.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A processive rotary mechanism couples substrate unfolding and proteolysis in the ClpXP degradation machinery

    Zev A Ripstein et al.
    Understanding of bacterial protein degradation is illuminated by cryo-EM structures of the substrate-bound ClpXP complex from Neisseria meningitidis at 2.3 to 3.3 Å resolution.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Agonist-mediated switching of ion selectivity in TPC2 differentially promotes lysosomal function

    Susanne Gerndt et al.
    The lysosomal ion channel TPC2 emerges as an example of an ion channel in which ion selectivity is not fixed but rather agonist-selective.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Characterising a healthy adult with a rare HAO1 knockout to support a therapeutic strategy for primary hyperoxaluria

    Tracy L McGregor et al.
    Lifelong HAO1 knockout was safe and without clinical phenotype in an identified healthy woman, de-risking a rare disease therapeutic approach through the power of naturally occurring human genetic variation.
    1. Cancer Biology

    GPC1 specific CAR-T cells eradicate established solid tumor without adverse effects and synergize with anti-PD-1 Ab

    Daiki Kato et al.
    The safety and strong antitumor effects of GPC1-specific CAR-T cells against GPC1-expressing solid tumors were demonstrated by using both syngeneic and xenogeneic mouse models.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Mononuclear diploid cardiomyocytes support neonatal mouse heart regeneration in response to paracrine IGF2 signaling

    Hua Shen et al.
    Neonatal mouse heart regeneration relies on the presence of mononuclear diploid cardiomyocytes, which unites this process with embryonic heart growth and adult heart regeneration.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Tumors attenuating the mitochondrial activity in T cells escape from PD-1 blockade therapy

    Alok Kumar et al.
    Downregulation of mitochondrial activity by immunosuppressive tumor-derived soluble factors leads to systemic unresponsiveness to the PD-1 blockade therapy.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The membrane periodic skeleton is an actomyosin network that regulates axonal diameter and conduction

    Ana Rita Costa et al.
    The axonal cytoskeletal contains an actomyosin-II network that controls circumferential axonal contraction and expansion with the potential of regulating fluctuations in diameter during action potential firing, trafficking, and degeneration.