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  1. August 2016

    Episode 31: August 2016

    In this episode we hear about human height, fish joints, colour vision, chimpanzees using tools and open science.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology
    The Natural History of Model Organisms

    The Natural History of Model Organisms

    Edited by Ian Baldwin et al.
    Essays on the wild lives of model organisms, from Arabidopsis to the zebrafish.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Single-protein detection in crowded molecular environments in cryo-EM images

    J Peter Rickgauer et al.
    High-resolution template matching makes small, densely embedded proteins detectable.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Estimated effectiveness of symptom and risk screening to prevent the spread of COVID-19

    Katelyn Gostic et al.
    Even in the best-case scenario, screening for COVID-19 misses well over half of infected travellers.
    1. Cell Biology

    TORC2-Gad8-dependent myosin phosphorylation modulates regulation by calcium

    Karen Baker et al.
    IQ domain phosphorylation regulates calmodulin binding and myosin-1 function.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Extensive intraspecies cryptic variation in an ancient embryonic gene regulatory network

    Yamila N Torres Cleuren et al.
    Quantitative genetic analyses reveal remarkably broad genetic variation underlies the requirement for two critical regulatory inputs into a core embryonic gene regulatory network within one animal species.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A de novo evolved gene in the house mouse regulates female pregnancy cycles

    Chen Xie et al.
    A female specifically expressed new protein-coding gene that has emerged out of non-coding sequences without detectable signatures of adaptive evolution affects female pregnancy cycles.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Family history of Alzheimer’s disease alters cognition and is modified by medical and genetic factors

    Joshua S Talboom et al.
    An internet-based cohort study of paired associate learning shows that a first-degree family history of dementia is associated with lowered performance, an effect modified by apolipoprotein E genotype and diabetes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    'Palaeoshellomics’ reveals the use of freshwater mother-of-pearl in prehistory

    Jorune Sakalauskaite et al.
    Ancient proteomes from tiny shell ornaments were successfully characterised for the first time, showing the unexpected use of mother-of-pearl from local riverine molluscs in both coastal and inland prehistoric sites.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Role of the pre-initiation complex in Mediator recruitment and dynamics

    Elisabeth R Knoll et al.
    Genome-wide recruitment of Mediator and Pol II is reduced in yeast lacking the Med2-Med3-Med15 tail module triad, and Mediator association with gene promoters depends on Pol II, Taf1, and TBP.