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    1. Neuroscience

    Acetylcholine is released in the basolateral amygdala in response to predictors of reward and enhances the learning of cue-reward contingency

    Richard B Crouse et al.
    The release of acetylcholine in the basolateral amygdala is precisely timed to salient events during reward learning but has long-lasting effects that potentiate learning of cue-reward contingencies.
    1. Neuroscience

    A circuit mechanism for decision-making biases and NMDA receptor hypofunction

    Sean Edward Cavanagh et al.
    Ketamine, an NMDA receptor antagonist and experimental model for schizophrenia, produces decision-making deficits in monkeys, which are predicted by a lowering of cortical excitation-inhibition balance in a spiking circuit model.
    1. Neuroscience

    CB1-receptor-mediated inhibitory LTD triggers presynaptic remodeling via protein synthesis and ubiquitination

    Hannah R Monday et al.
    CB1-receptor-mediated inhibitory long-term depression (LTD) relies on both protein synthesis and ubiquitination to elicit structural changes that underlie long-term reduction of GABA release.
    1. Neuroscience

    Testicular hormones mediate robust sex differences in impulsive choice in rats

    Caesar M Hernandez et al.
    Sex differences in impulsive decision making, such that males are less impulsive than females, are critically dependent upon testicular but not ovarian hormones.
    1. Neuroscience

    Empathic pain evoked by sensory and emotional-communicative cues share common and process-specific neural representations

    Feng Zhou et al.
    Machine learning analyses reveal that the observation of acute pain inflictions and facial expressions of pain evoke shared pain-specific neural representations.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ultra-high-field imaging reveals increased whole brain connectivity underpins cognitive strategies that attenuate pain

    Enrico Schulz et al.
    A single-trial whole-brain analysis of three cognitive strategies to attenuate pain shows that a more effective pain attenuation is associated with increased functional connectivity across the entire brain.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mesoscopic-scale functional networks in the primate amygdala

    Jeremiah K Morrow et al.
    Multivariate data decomposition applied to local field potentials recorded from the primate amygdala revealed simultaneously active and functionally distinct networks, defined by anatomical boundaries between the nuclei.
    1. Neuroscience

    Extensive and spatially variable within-cell-type heterogeneity across the basolateral amygdala

    Timothy P O'Leary et al.
    Basolateral amygdala excitatory neurons are a highly heterogenous collection of neurons that spatially covary in molecular, cellular, and circuit properties.
    1. Neuroscience

    Alterations of specific cortical GABAergic circuits underlie abnormal network activity in a mouse model of Down syndrome

    Javier Zorrilla de San Martin et al.
    Distinct intrinsic excitability and synaptic dysfunctions in specific cortical inhibitory circuits lead to abnormal network activity in a mouse model of Down syndrome.
    1. Neuroscience

    Minimally dependent activity subspaces for working memory and motor preparation in the lateral prefrontal cortex

    Cheng Tang et al.
    The evidence of subspace computation in the lateral prefrontal cortex provides insights into the neural mechanisms underlying cognitive flexibility and interference between different cognitive processes.