2,497 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Stem cell topography splits growth and homeostatic functions in the fish gill

    Julian Stolper et al.
    The fish gill, an ever-growing organ with fast turnover rate, displays dedicated stem-cell populations for growth and homeostasis that are interchangeable upon external challenges.
    1. Cell Biology

    Mammalian cell growth dynamics in mitosis

    Teemu P Miettinen et al.
    High-resolution single-cell mass accumulation and protein synthesis rate measurements are used to quantify the extent, dynamics and consequences of animal cell growth in mitosis and cytokinesis.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Live-cell imaging reveals enhancer-dependent Sox2 transcription in the absence of enhancer proximity

    Jeffrey M Alexander et al.
    Sox2 transcription is not correlated with spatial proximity of its essential regulatory enhancer in embryonic stem cells, suggesting gene transcription is not limited to periods of direct enhancer-promoter contact.
    1. Cell Biology

    Generation of endogenous pH-sensitive EGF receptor and its application in high-throughput screening for proteins involved in clathrin-mediated endocytosis

    Mads Breum Larsen et al.
    CRISPR/Cas9 gene-editing was used to generate a novel endogenous pH-sensitive EGF receptor chimera with the unique utility to study receptor endocytosis in a single-cell and high-throughput experimental formats.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Non-selective inhibition of inappropriate motor-tendencies during response-conflict by a fronto-subthalamic mechanism

    Jan R Wessel et al.
    Action-selection under response-conflict is buttressed by an inhibitory control signal from the basal ganglia that non-selectively suppresses motor excitability.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    Novel RNA and DNA strand exchange activity of the PALB2 DNA binding domain and its critical role for DNA repair in cells

    Jaigeeth Deveryshetty et al.
    Biochemical studies revealed novel property of human tumor suppressor PALB2, which significantly contribute into DNA repair in cells and can be targeted for the development of novel anticancer treatment.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    An acquired scaffolding function of the DNAJ-PKAc fusion contributes to oncogenic signaling in fibrolamellar carcinoma

    Rigney E Turnham et al.
    Fibrolamellar carcinoma results from a genetic lesion that produces the DNAJ-PKAc fusion kinase, which is recruited into macromolecular complexes and is sensitive to combinations of signal transduction inhibitor drugs.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Translation affects mRNA stability in a codon-dependent manner in human cells

    Qiushuang Wu et al.
    Genomic-profiles and reporters reveal that the three-nucleotide ‘words’ read by the ribosome, codons, have a strong effect on mRNA stability, impacting the homeostatic mRNA and protein levels in human cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mutant huntingtin impairs PNKP and ATXN3, disrupting DNA repair and transcription

    Rui Gao et al.
    Polyglutamine expansion in mutant huntingtin disrupts a novel transcription-coupled DNA repair complex, providing an undescribed mechanism of neuronal toxicity and degeneration in Huntington's disease.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    GPCR signaling inhibits mTORC1 via PKA phosphorylation of Raptor

    Jenna L Jewell et al.
    Protein kinase A (PKA) phosphorylates Raptor and inhibits mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) activity.

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