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    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Neuroblast-specific open chromatin allows the temporal transcription factor, Hunchback, to bind neuroblast-specific loci

    Sonia Q Sen et al.
    Spatial factors generate neuroblast-specific open chromatin, thereby biasing the subsequent binding of transcription factors to produce neuroblast-specific neurons.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A systematically-revised ribosome profiling method for bacteria reveals pauses at single-codon resolution

    Fuad Mohammad et al.
    With the removal of confounding artifacts, ribosome profiling can yield insight into the mechanism of protein synthesis in bacteria at high resolution.
    1. Ecology
    2. Neuroscience

    Combined transcriptome and proteome profiling reveals specific molecular brain signatures for sex, maturation and circalunar clock phase

    Sven Schenk et al.
    A molecular profiling approach to quantify transcripts and proteins from identical samples allows study of molecular effects of maturation, sexual differentiation and the endogenous circalunar clock in a marine worm.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The presence and absence of periplasmic rings in bacterial flagellar motors correlates with stator type

    Mohammed Kaplan et al.
    A correlation between the periplasmic embellishment of the flagellar motor and its stator system type is described, motors with dual H+-dependent stator systems have one periplasmic ring formed by MotY.
    1. Neuroscience

    Motor context dominates output from purkinje cell functional regions during reflexive visuomotor behaviours

    Laura D Knogler et al.
    Purkinje cells of the cerebellum, a conserved vertebrate brain region important for sensorimotor integration, receive sensory and motor information from distinct input streams and are functionally clustered into modules reflecting the larval zebrafish's behavioral repertoire.
    1. Cell Biology

    A systematic approach to identify recycling endocytic cargo depending on the GARP complex

    Sebastian Eising et al.
    The GARP complex is important for the endocytic recycling of amino phospholipid flippases and cell wall proteins, and thus membrane and lipid organization in yeast.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Science Forum: The Brazilian Reproducibility Initiative

    Olavo B Amaral et al.
    Researchers are undertaking a systematic assessment of the reproducibility of biomedical science in Brazil.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular basis of synaptic specificity by immunoglobulin superfamily receptors in Drosophila

    Shouqiang Cheng et al.
    Fly protein families Dprs and DIPs can create a multitude of complementary interfaces for homo- and heterophilic adhesion complexes, resulting in instructive roles for connectivity in the motor neuron circuitry.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Mismatch repair-signature mutations activate gene enhancers across human colorectal cancer epigenomes

    Stevephen Hung et al.
    Non-coding mutations in microsatellite-instable (MSI) colorectal tumors are prevalent and activate cancer-specific enhancers, thereby disrupting gene expression control.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    FACT and Ubp10 collaborate to modulate H2B deubiquitination and nucleosome dynamics

    Melesse Nune et al.
    The histone chaperone FACT and the deubiquitinating enzyme Ubp10 act in concert to remove ubiquitin from histone H2B in nucleosomes, and likely coordinate nucleosome assembly during DNA replication and transcription.