835 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A stochastic framework of neurogenesis underlies the assembly of neocortical cytoarchitecture

    Alfredo Llorca et al.
    The specification of a very small number of progenitor cells with competence to adapt their neurogenic output to different probabilistic rules underlies the generation of distinct cortical cytoarchitectures.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Aberrant calcium channel splicing drives defects in cortical differentiation in Timothy syndrome

    Georgia Panagiotakos et al.
    The Timothy syndrome mutation in Cav1.2 gives rise to defects in neuronal differentiation by preventing a developmental switch in channel splicing and elevating calcium signaling in differentiating cells.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Telophase correction refines division orientation in stratified epithelia

    Kendall J Lough et al.
    Telophase reorientation corrects errors in spindle orientation that persist after imprecise initial spindle positioning during early mitosis, and contributes to balancing self-renewal with differentiation during epidermal development.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Architecture of the chromatin remodeler RSC and insights into its nucleosome engagement

    Avinash B Patel et al.
    The structure of the yeast RSC complex, a member of the SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling family, determined by cryo-electron microscopy, reveals a conserved structural core and the mode of nucleosome engagement.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Nanopore direct RNA sequencing maps the complexity of Arabidopsis mRNA processing and m6A modification

    Matthew T Parker et al.
    Sequencing mRNA directly with nanopores can reveal the authentic combinations of multiple mRNA processing events in full-length mRNA molecules in addition to identifying base modifications.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Degradation of engulfed mitochondria is rate-limiting in Optineurin-mediated mitophagy in neurons

    Chantell S Evans, Erika LF Holzbaur
    In neuronal mitophagy, Parkin and OPTN induce efficient sequestration of damaged somal mitochondria into autophagosomes, but slow turnover via lysosomal acidification may be a point of vulnerability for the cell.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The Fml1-MHF complex suppresses inter-fork strand annealing in fission yeast

    Io Nam Wong et al.
    Genomic deletions formed from inter-fork strand annealing associated with a collapsed replication fork are suppressed by the FANCM-related DNA helicase Fml1 in conjunction with its partner proteins Mhf1 and Mhf2.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Roles of C/EBP class bZip proteins in the growth and cell competition of Rp (‘Minute’) mutants in Drosophila

    Jorge Blanco et al.
    Xrp1 contributes to cell competition as a heterodimer with the Drosophila C/EBP homolog Irbp18 and although rapidly evolving is itself conserved beyond Drosophila.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    GC content shapes mRNA storage and decay in human cells

    Maïté Courel et al.
    The GC content of human mRNAs is key to P-body localization and protein yield, and has a major impact on their post-transcriptional control.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A terminal selector prevents a Hox transcriptional switch to safeguard motor neuron identity throughout life

    Weidong Feng et al.
    A molecular mechanism that involves highly conserved transcription factors enables cholinergic motor neurons of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans to become and remain functional.

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