878 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    Male meiotic spindle features that efficiently segregate paired and lagging chromosomes

    Gunar Fabig et al.
    Chromosome segregation in male spermatocytes exhibits anaphase A without shortening of autosome-associated microtubules and partitioning of an unpaired X chromosome that is initiated by an imbalance of attached kinetochore microtubules.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Global genome diversity of the Leishmania donovani complex

    Susanne U Franssen et al.
    Genomic data for the parasites that cause visceral leishmaniasis provides the first global picture of the diversity and evolution of the pathogen and the epidemiology of this fatal tropical disease.
    1. Developmental Biology

    An abundant quiescent stem cell population in Drosophila Malpighian tubules protects principal cells from kidney stones

    Chenhui Wang, Allan C Spradling
    Drosophila renal stem cells are exceptional in abundance, require induction to produce a single cell type, principal cells, and mitigate damage during adulthood associated with external stresses.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Cooperative interactions facilitate stimulation of Rad51 by the Swi5-Sfr1 auxiliary factor complex

    Bilge Argunhan et al.
    The intrinsically disordered N-terminus of Sfr1 contains two Rad51 binding sites that facilitate Rad51 filament stabilization and ATPase stimulation by the Swi5-Sfr1 complex, leading to efficient Rad51-driven strand exchange.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Suppressing proteasome mediated processing of topoisomerase II DNA-protein complexes preserves genome integrity

    Nicholas Sciascia et al.
    Analysis of genome integrity in primary murine B-cells reveals how depleting 26S proteasome activity enhanced cell survival following treatment with topoisomerase poisons.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Reversal of contractility as a signature of self-organization in cytoskeletal bundles

    Martin Lenz
    Quantitative, experimentally testable predictions allow discrimination between contraction mechanisms in disordered actomyosin and microtubule/motor bundles.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    RNA-guided retargeting of Sleeping Beauty transposition in human cells

    Adrian Kovač et al.
    Fusion proteins composed of the Sleeping Beauty transposase and catalytically inactive Cas9 target transposon integration into genomic regions specified by single guide RNAs.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Mitochondrial ClpX activates an essential biosynthetic enzyme through partial unfolding

    Julia R Kardon et al.
    The mitochondrial protein unfoldase ClpX activates the first enzyme in heme biosynthesis, ALAS, by targeted unfolding that gates access of cofactor to the ALAS active site.
    1. Neuroscience

    A Toll-receptor map underlies structural brain plasticity

    Guiyi Li et al.
    Structural brain plasticity is encoded in the topographic distribution of Toll receptors and their ability to switch between alternative signalling outcomes, thus translating diverse sensory experience into structural change.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The evolutionary plasticity of chromosome metabolism allows adaptation to constitutive DNA replication stress

    Marco Fumasoni, Andrew W Murray
    Evolutionary adaptation to a constitutive perturbation of DNA replication reveals that adaptive mutations in three conserved pathways interact to restore faithful chromosome replication and segregation.

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