22 results found
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Loss of the melanocortin-4 receptor in mice causes dilated cardiomyopathy

    Michael J Litt et al.
    The melanocortin-4 receptor knockout mouse exhibits a cardiomyopathy syndrome, which raises concerns about cardiovascular function in patients with the similar loss of function mutations, and perhaps even in the 1 in 1500 patients with heterozygous loss of the gene.
    1. Ecology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Peromyscus mice as a model for studying natural variation

    Nicole L Bedford, Hopi E Hoekstra
    The deer mouse (Peromyscus) has emerged as a model system for studying many aspects of biology, supported by extensive historical knowledge of its fascinating and varied natural history.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural Circuits: Decoding obesity in the brainstem

    Jonathan Cedernaes, Joseph Bass
    Insight
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    1. Neuroscience

    Central Dicer-miR-103/107 controls developmental switch of POMC progenitors into NPY neurons and impacts glucose homeostasis

    Sophie Croizier et al.
    Loss miRNA maturation in proopiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons causes metabolic dysregulation and favors the differentiation of Pomc progenitors into neuropeptide Y neurons, a developmental process that appears to specifically involve miR-103/107.
    1. Neuroscience

    Plasticity of calcium-permeable AMPA glutamate receptors in Pro-opiomelanocortin neurons

    Shigetomo Suyama et al.
    Neurons in the hypothalamus that promote satiety manifest plasticity of their response to the excitatory transmitter, glutamate, by re-organizing the composition of a specific glutamare receptor.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    A big-data approach to understanding metabolic rate and response to obesity in laboratory mice

    June K Corrigan et al.
    The metabolic rate of mice is disproportionately affected by the site of experimentation, affecting the phenotypic interpretation of genetically modified strains.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hunger neurons drive feeding through a sustained, positive reinforcement signal

    Yiming Chen et al.
    Hunger neurons promote feeding by triggering a long-lasting potentiation of the rewarding properties of food.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Involvement of the Acyl-CoA binding domain containing 7 in the control of food intake and energy expenditure in mice

    Damien Lanfray et al.
    The Acyl-CoA binding domain-containing 7 (Acbd7) gene is expressed in the hypothalamus, encodes a peptide that suppresses appetite, increases metabolic rate and interacts with the leptin-melanocortin system.
    1. Neuroscience

    An opioid-like system regulating feeding behavior in C. elegans

    Mi Cheong Cheong et al.
    The discovery that opioid neuropeptide neuronal signaling controls feeding behavior in a genetically tractable invertebrate model may help unravel the mechanisms of appetite control in humans.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Developmental evolution of the forebrain in cavefish, from natural variations in neuropeptides to behavior

    Alexandre Alié et al.
    A comparative approach shows that developmental evolution of neuropeptidergic neuronal groups in the hypothalamus of blind cavefish drives adaptive behavioral evolution.

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