3,595 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    Recruitment dynamics of ESCRT-III and Vps4 to endosomes and implications for reverse membrane budding

    Manuel Alonso Y Adell et al.
    Quantitative 3D lattice light sheet microscopy of unperturbed cells combined with electron tomography and acute loss of function experiments reveals how dynamic ESCRT-III/Vps4 assemblies succeed in reverse membrane budding on endosomes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Two-step membrane binding by the bacterial SRP receptor enable efficient and accurate Co-translational protein targeting

    Yu-Hsien Hwang Fu et al.
    Single molecule microscopy combined with biochemical analyses show that a two-step lipid-binding mechanism of the SRP receptor balances the trade-off between speed and specificity during co-translational protein targeting.
    1. Cell Biology

    Type-I myosins promote actin polymerization to drive membrane bending in endocytosis

    Hetty E Manenschijn et al.
    Monomeric myosins can stimulate growth of actin filaments under load.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Autoinhibition of Munc18-1 modulates synaptobrevin binding and helps to enable Munc13-dependent regulation of membrane fusion

    Ewa Sitarska et al.
    Biophysical and functional data strongly support the notion that Munc18-1 acts as a template to assemble the neuronal SNARE complex, and that inhibition of this activity underlies diverse forms of regulation of neurotransmitter release.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Structural basis for activation, assembly and membrane binding of ESCRT-III Snf7 filaments

    Shaogeng Tang et al.
    Snf7 crystal structures reveal the mechanisms of ESCRT-III activation and polymerization into membrane-remodeling filaments.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Kinetic mechanism of coupled binding in sodium-aspartate symporter GltPh

    SeCheol Oh, Olga Boudker
    Sodium ions control the rates of both substrate binding and dissociation of an archaeal homologue of glutamate transporters in a manner that minimizes binding intermediates and maximizes transport efficiency.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Continuous transport of a small fraction of plasma membrane cholesterol to endoplasmic reticulum regulates total cellular cholesterol

    Rodney Elwood Infante, Arun Radhakrishnan
    A post-lysosomal cholesterol transport inhibitor reveals how the endoplasmic reticulum membrane regulates total cellular cholesterol by constantly monitoring a critical pool of cholesterol in the plasma membrane.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Conformational and dynamic plasticity in substrate-binding proteins underlies selective transport in ABC importers

    Marijn de Boer et al.
    Selective import via bacterial ABC importers is facilitated by a hitherto unrecognized complexity in the conformational dynamics of the substrate-binding proteins.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    FcγRIIB-I232T polymorphic change allosterically suppresses ligand binding

    Wei Hu et al.
    A single-nucleotide I232T polymorphic change in FcγRIIB's transmembrane domain bends FcγRIIB's ectodomains toward cell membrane to allosterically hinder FcγRIIB's ligand association, providing novel molecular mechanism for functional loss of FcγRIIB-I232T.

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