5,566 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    Apolipoprotein L-1 renal risk variants form active channels at the plasma membrane driving cytotoxicity

    Joseph A Giovinazzo et al.
    Cytotoxicity associated with APOL1 renal-risk variants occurs through its plasma-membrane localization, where aberrant channel activity drives a sustained sodium and calcium influx leading to cell swelling and eventually cell death.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural insights into the mechanism of activation of the TRPV1 channel by a membrane-bound tarantula toxin

    Chanhyung Bae et al.
    The structure of a bivalent double-knot tarantula toxin bound to the outer pore of the capsaicin receptor reveals a novel mode of toxin-channel recognition that has important implications for thermosensation.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Neuroscience

    Mechanical sensitivity of Piezo1 ion channels can be tuned by cellular membrane tension

    Amanda H Lewis, Jörg Grandl
    Tension is the activating stimulus of Piezo1 mechanosensitive ion channels and resting membrane tension modulates overall channel sensitivity to mechanical stimulation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Clusters of cooperative ion channels enable a membrane-potential-based mechanism for short-term memory

    Paul Pfeiffer et al.
    Independently gating ion channels typically act fast within milliseconds, but cooperative interactions within a cluster of channels allow for a memory of previous electrical activity for several seconds.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Aromatic interactions with membrane modulate human BK channel activation

    Mahdieh Yazdani et al.
    Computation and experiment together demonstrate that nonspecific membrane–protein interactions could regulate transmembrane protein function and suggest that covalent linkers can be an integral component of the sensing apparatus.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Activity and Ca2+ regulate the mobility of TRPV1 channels in the plasma membrane of sensory neurons

    Eric N Senning, Sharona E Gordon
    Channel activity is a novel regulatory mechanism for channel mobility in the plasma membrane.
    1. Neuroscience

    Membrane palmitoylated protein 2 is a synaptic scaffold protein required for synaptic SK2-containing channel function

    Gukhan Kim et al.
    A new synaptic scaffold important for neurotransmission and synaptic plasticity has been identified.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Crystal structure and dynamics of a lipid-induced potential desensitized-state of a pentameric ligand-gated channel

    Sandip Basak et al.
    Polyunsaturated fatty acids enhance desensitization in pentameric ligand-gated ion channels.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Protein translocation channel of mitochondrial inner membrane and matrix-exposed import motor communicate via two-domain coupling protein

    Rupa Banerjee et al.
    Two domains of the peripheral membrane protein Tim44 interact with two different sectors of a translocase to coordinate the translocation of proteins across the inner mitochondrial membrane.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Kv2.1 mediates spatial and functional coupling of L-type calcium channels and ryanodine receptors in mammalian neurons

    Nicholas C Vierra et al.
    A potassium channel, as a nonconducting function, organizes compartmentalized neuronal calcium signaling microdomains via structural and functional coupling of plasma membrane and endoplasmic reticulum calcium channels.

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