1,734 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Infectious polymorphic toxins delivered by outer membrane exchange discriminate kin in myxobacteria

    Christopher N Vassallo et al.
    Serial cell-to-cell transfer of lipoprotein toxins by outer membrane exchange provides a potent platform for kin discrimination in Myxococcus xanthus.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A CLC-ec1 mutant reveals global conformational change and suggests a unifying mechanism for the CLC Cl/H+ transport cycle

    Tanmay S Chavan et al.
    Crystallography together with electron-resonance spectroscopy, molecular-dynamics simulations, and transport measurements reveal the molecular details of protein conformational change, and how this change contributes to function in a CLC-type chloride/proton exchanger.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Diversity and plasticity in Rab GTPase nucleotide release mechanism has consequences for Rab activation and inactivation

    Lars Langemeyer et al.
    Analysis of multiple guanine exchange factors shows that Rab activation can occur via a number of mechanistically distinct GDP-release pathways.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Revealing an outward-facing open conformational state in a CLC Cl/H+ exchange transporter

    Chandra M Khantwal et al.
    The characterization of a previously unidentified “outward-facing open” conformational state provides a new framework for understanding the CLC transport mechanism.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The autophagy adaptor NDP52 and the FIP200 coiled-coil allosterically activate ULK1 complex membrane recruitment

    Xiaoshan Shi et al.
    Hydrogen-deuterium exchange, electron microscopy, and vesicle reconstitution show how binding of the autophagy adaptor NDP52 to the FIP200 subunit of the ULK1 complex triggers membrane binding in autophagy.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Divergent Cl- and H+ pathways underlie transport coupling and gating in CLC exchangers and channels

    Lilia Leisle et al.
    Combined simulations and electrophysiological experiments show that the CLC channels and exchangers form physically distinct and evolutionarily conserved pathways through which Cl- and H+ ions move when crossing biological membranes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Direct live imaging of cell–cell protein transfer by transient outer membrane fusion in Myxococcus xanthus

    Adrien Ducret et al.
    Physical contact between two Myxococcus xanthus cells is sufficient to fuse their outer membrane transiently and exchange outer membrane proteins and lipids at high efficiency.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A conserved and regulated mechanism drives endosomal Rab transition

    Lars Langemeyer et al.
    Reconstitution of the endosomal Rab cascade reveals that Rab5 binds and activates the Mon1-Ccz1 guanine nucleotide exchange factor, which in turn recruits Rab7 to membranes to drive fusion.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Rab GTPases: Mutant enzymes challenge all assumptions

    Ryan M Nottingham, Suzanne R Pfeffer
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