550 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional specification of CCK+ interneurons by alternative isoforms of Kv4.3 auxiliary subunits

    Viktor János Oláh et al.
    Single cell RNA, protein and electrophysiology data revealed that combinatorial availability of three auxiliary subunit isoforms of a single ion channel is sufficient for generating distinct, input frequency-sensitive firing phenotypes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ankyrin-R regulates fast-spiking interneuron excitability through perineuronal nets and Kv3.1b K+ channels

    Sharon R Stevens et al.
    Analysis of AnkyrinR conditional knockout mice shows that AnkyrinR regulates PV+ fast-spiking interneurons by organizing and maintaining perineuronal nets and through the membrane clustering of Kv3.1b K+ channels.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Kv1.1 channels regulate early postnatal neurogenesis in mouse hippocampus via the TrkB signaling pathway

    Shu-Min Chou et al.
    Kv1.1 potassium channels regulate postnatal neurogenesis in the hippocampus via increasing the membrane excitability that activates the TrkB signaling pathway in a cell-autonomous manner.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Synaptic and intrinsic mechanisms underlying development of cortical direction selectivity

    Arani Roy et al.
    The development of neural responses proceeds through both the expansion and contraction of receptive field structure, and in addition depends upon changes in excitability of individual cells.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Cell-sized confinement controls generation and stability of a protein wave for spatiotemporal regulation in cells

    Shunshi Kohyama et al.
    A cell-sized fully confined space significantly controls the emergence and stability of a protein wave, resulting in intracellular spatiotemporal regulation driven by a reaction-diffusion mechanism.
    1. Neuroscience

    Endocannabinoid signaling enhances visual responses through modulation of intracellular chloride levels in retinal ganglion cells

    Loïs S Miraucourt et al.
    Endocannabinoid activation of the CB1 receptor on retinal ganglion cells in the eye results in enhanced excitability and responsiveness to visual stimulation through a novel mechanism involving intracellular chloride regulation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Enhanced excitability of cortical neurons in low-divalent solutions is primarily mediated by altered voltage-dependence of voltage-gated sodium channels

    Briana J Martiszus et al.
    External calcium regulates neuronal excitability via its actions on voltage-gated sodium channels but not by regulating NALCN via the calcium-sensing receptor.
    1. Neuroscience

    Criticality and degeneracy in injury-induced changes in primary afferent excitability and the implications for neuropathic pain

    Stéphanie Ratté et al.
    No single molecular change is uniquely necessary to cause neuropathic changes in primary afferent excitability; multiple different changes are sufficient.
    1. Neuroscience

    Serotonin enhances excitability and gamma frequency temporal integration in mouse prefrontal fast-spiking interneurons

    Jegath C Athilingam et al.
    Serotonin changes passive membrane properties in prefrontal fast-spiking interneurons to affect not only neuronal excitability but also the temporal filtering of synaptic inputs with a preference for gamma-frequency summation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    Natural antisense transcripts regulate the neuronal stress response and excitability

    Xingguo Zheng et al.
    The mRNA that encodes a Drosophila sodium channel enables neurons to adapt to acute temperature changes, via a mechanism independent of its protein-coding role.

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