2,628 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    ESCRTs function directly on the lysosome membrane to downregulate ubiquitinated lysosomal membrane proteins

    Lu Zhu et al.
    The lysosome membrane is a new functional location for the ESCRTs in yeast.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Regulation by the quorum sensor from Vibrio indicates a receptor function for the membrane anchors of adenylate cyclases

    Stephanie Beltz et al.
    A canonical class III adenylate cyclase with a membrane anchor of six transmembrane spans is regulated by a receptor of similar design, the quorum-sensing receptor from Vibrio harveyi.
    1. Cell Biology

    Bax and Bak function as the outer membrane component of the mitochondrial permeability pore in regulating necrotic cell death in mice

    Jason Karch et al.
    The proteins Bax and Bak, which increase the permeability of the mitochondrial membrane during apoptosis, are also crucial for generating a mitochondrial membrane pore that is specifically involved in necrosis.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Protein sorting by lipid phase-like domains supports emergent signaling function in B lymphocyte plasma membranes

    Matthew B Stone et al.
    Clustering the B cell receptor generates a membrane domain analogous to the liquid-ordered phase, localizing proteins involved in early receptor activation.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Mitochondrial Ca2+ and membrane potential, an alternative pathway for Interleukin 6 to regulate CD4 cell effector function

    Rui Yang et al.
    Interleukin 6 (IL-6) can mediate pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases through its effects on mitochondrial function.
    1. Neuroscience

    Membrane palmitoylated protein 2 is a synaptic scaffold protein required for synaptic SK2-containing channel function

    Gukhan Kim et al.
    A new synaptic scaffold important for neurotransmission and synaptic plasticity has been identified.
    1. Neuroscience

    Adult-born granule cells mature through two functionally distinct states

    János Brunner et al.
    3-10 weeks old adult-born granule cells provide two temporally overlapping but functionally distinct neuronal cell populations by being sensitive to distinct aspects of their inputs.
    1. Neuroscience

    A postsynaptic PI3K-cII dependent signaling controller for presynaptic homeostatic plasticity

    Anna G Hauswirth et al.
    A screen encompassing all kinases and phosphatases reveals that PI3K-cII, PI3K-cIII and Rab11-dependent recycling endosomes comprise a novel, postsynaptic 'signaling controller' that is part of an integrated, trans-synaptic signaling system necessary for presynaptic homeostatic plasticity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Proteomic mapping of cytosol-facing outer mitochondrial and ER membranes in living human cells by proximity biotinylation

    Victoria Hung et al.
    One minute biotinylation with APEX2 peroxidase in living cells identifies established and new components of mitochondrial and ER membranes; dataset intersection and overexpression screen identifies SYNJ2BP overexpression as inducing mitochondria-rough ER contacts.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A bacteriophage endolysin that eliminates intracellular streptococci

    Yang Shen et al.
    Unlike other similar enzymes, the antimicrobial enzyme PlyC can interact with and translocate eukaryotic membranes, and then lyse and kill intracellular bacteria.

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