462 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Firing rate-dependent phase responses of Purkinje cells support transient oscillations

    Yunliang Zang et al.
    Computational and theoretical models show that rate adaptation of phase responses can regulate Purkinje cell outputs by forming transient oscillations in fast-spiking neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional specification of CCK+ interneurons by alternative isoforms of Kv4.3 auxiliary subunits

    Viktor János Oláh et al.
    Single cell RNA, protein and electrophysiology data revealed that combinatorial availability of three auxiliary subunit isoforms of a single ion channel is sufficient for generating distinct, input frequency-sensitive firing phenotypes.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Neural oscillations as a signature of efficient coding in the presence of synaptic delays

    Matthew Chalk et al.
    Neural oscillations are a necessary consequence of efficient coding of sensory signals by a spiking neural network, limited by synaptic delays and noise.
    1. Neuroscience

    Early intrinsic hyperexcitability does not contribute to motoneuron degeneration in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

    Félix Leroy et al.
    Contrary to a long-standing hypothesis, the neuronal death that leads to muscle wastage in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis does not result from overactivity of those neurons during development.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Interneuronal mechanisms of hippocampal theta oscillations in a full-scale model of the rodent CA1 circuit

    Marianne J Bezaire et al.
    Spontaneous theta oscillations and interneuron-specific phase preferences emerge spontaneously in a full-scale model of the isolated hippocampal CA1 subfield, corroborating and extending recent experimental findings.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Speed and segmentation control mechanisms characterized in rhythmically-active circuits created from spinal neurons produced from genetically-tagged embryonic stem cells

    Matthew J Sternfeld et al.
    Stem cell derived ventral-spinal cord excitatory neurons self-assemble into a rhythmically bursting neural network whose speed and intercellular coordination are both instructively modulated by cell-type specific interactions with inhibitory neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cellular and neurochemical basis of sleep stages in the thalamocortical network

    Giri P Krishnan et al.
    A computational model of the thalamocortical network explains sleep stages by the coordinated variations in the level of neuromodulators and predicts differences of sleep pattern in human, cat and mouse recordings.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Calcium handling precedes cardiac differentiation to initiate the first heartbeat

    Richard CV Tyser et al.
    High-resolution live imaging reveals how and when the mouse heart first starts to beat during development and how the onset of beating impacts on heart muscle cell maturation and heart formation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Encoding and control of orientation to airflow by a set of Drosophila fan-shaped body neurons

    Timothy A Currier et al.
    Electrophysiology identifies a population of fan-shaped body neurons that encode airflow in two directions relative to the fly midline and whose silencing disrupts proper orientation to airflow.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Anisotropic organization of circumferential actomyosin characterizes hematopoietic stem cells emergence in the zebrafish

    Mylene Lancino et al.
    Emergence of hematopoietic stem cells from an aortic component is a unique phenomenon of cell extrusion, with no equivalent in cell biology, and which is adapted to environmental constraints exerted by endothelial cells and hemodynamics forces.

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