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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of malodour precursor transport in the human axilla

    Gurdeep S Minhas et al.
    Discovery of the structural basis for recognition and uptake of a human precursor for body odour production reveals an important role for bacterial peptide transport and novel routes to prevent its production in humans.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of a bacterial ATP synthase

    Hui Guo et al.
    Construction of a first atomic model for an intact bacterial ATP synthase allows for a structural understanding of the roles of individual amino acids in the mechanism of ATP synthesis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    pH- and sodium-induced changes in a sodium/proton antiporter

    Cristina Paulino, Werner Kühlbrandt
    Sodium ions but not protons induce defined helix movements in a sodium/proton antiporter and suggest a mechanism for Na + binding and transport.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Mechanism of Na+-dependent citrate transport from the structure of an asymmetrical CitS dimer

    David Wöhlert et al.
    The high-resolution x-ray structure of an asymmetrical SeCitS dimer, present in the inward- and outward-facing state, provides a complete mechanism of substrate and ion translocation in a sodium-dependent symporter.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis for the reaction cycle of DASS dicarboxylate transporters

    David B Sauer et al.
    Structures of multiple states of two dicarboxylate transporters explain the conformational changes needed for substrate import.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Ternary structure of the outer membrane transporter FoxA with resolved signalling domain provides insights into TonB-mediated siderophore uptake

    Inokentijs Josts et al.
    The crystal structure of a ternary complex of a TonB-dependent transporter containing a signalling domain, bound to siderophore as well as TonB, provides mechanistic insights into siderophore uptake and signalling.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Allosteric signalling in the outer membrane translocation domain of PapC usher

    Irene Farabella et al.
    Input from computational models has enabled the detection of allosteric communication that modulates the gating mechanism of a bacterial outer-membrane protein.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Coincidence detection and bi-directional transmembrane signaling control a bacterial second messenger receptor

    Richard B Cooley et al.
    Building on previous work (Chatterjee et al., 2014), the mechanism of coincidence detection in bacterial second messenger signaling across membranes is revealed at a molecular level, providing insight into the regulation of a conserved transmembrane receptor.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A bacteriophage endolysin that eliminates intracellular streptococci

    Yang Shen et al.
    Unlike other similar enzymes, the antimicrobial enzyme PlyC can interact with and translocate eukaryotic membranes, and then lyse and kill intracellular bacteria.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Global alignment and assessment of TRP channel transmembrane domain structures to explore functional mechanisms

    Katherine E Huffer et al.
    Structure-based alignment of TRP channels enables comparison of structural changes, ion permeation pathways and ligand-binding sites and reveals over-representation of structures that represent non-conducting states.