3,873 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Pathogenic LRRK2 control of primary cilia and Hedgehog signaling in neurons and astrocytes of mouse brain

    Shahzad S Khan et al.
    Striatal cholinergic interneurons and astrocytes lose cilia and show dysregulation of Hedgehog signaling in mice with a Parkinson's disease-associated, G2019S LRRK2 mutation or upon loss of PPM1H phosphatase specific for LRRK2-phosphorylated Rab GTPases.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    RNF43 inhibits WNT5A-driven signaling and suppresses melanoma invasion and resistance to the targeted therapy

    Tomasz Radaszkiewicz et al.
    RNF43 interacts with receptor complexes of the Wnt/PCP signaling and its enzymatic activity results in the reduced cells sensitivity to WNT5A what translates in melanoma into decreased invasive properties and increased response to targeted therapies of this skin cancer.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Fascin limits Myosin activity within Drosophila border cells to control substrate stiffness and promote migration

    Maureen C Lamb et al.
    Collectively migrating cells control their stiffness by Fascin-dependent control of Myosin activity, and this migratory cell stiffness regulates Myosin activity and stiffness within the cellular substrate to ultimately promote migration.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Myopalladin knockout mice develop cardiac dilation and show a maladaptive response to mechanical pressure overload

    Maria Carmela Filomena et al.
    Ablation of the sarcomeric protein myopalladin (MYPN), associated with human cardiomyopathies, results in dilated cardiomyopathy, which is severely aggravated by biomechanical stress, suggesting that skeletal myopathy patients carrying MYPN loss-of-function mutations may develop cardiomyopathy under conditions of cardiac stress.
    1. Neuroscience

    Septal cholinergic input to CA2 hippocampal region controls social novelty discrimination via nicotinic receptor-mediated disinhibition

    Domenico Pimpinella et al.
    Acetylcholine, released from cholinergic fibers originating from the medial septum, shapes social memory, and controls the CA2 hippocampal circuit via nicotinic receptors localized on GABAergic interneurons.
    1. Cell Biology

    Electron cryo-tomography reveals the subcellular architecture of growing axons in human brain organoids

    Patrick C Hoffmann et al.
    Combining cerebral organoid technology with cryo-correlative microscopy reveals the organization of cytoskeleton, membrane compartments, and protein synthesis machinery contributing to the rapid expansion of developing human axons.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Multicolor fluorescence fluctuation spectroscopy in living cells via spectral detection

    Valentin Dunsing et al.
    Fluorescence fluctuation spectroscopy is implemented for detection of up to four molecular species, allowing users to quantify molecular interactions and stoichiometry of multicomponent complexes in live cells, in a wide range of biological processes, from membrane signaling to viral assembly.
    1. Cell Biology

    Impaired mRNA splicing and proteostasis in preadipocytes in obesity-related metabolic disease

    Julia Sánchez-Ceinos et al.
    Alternative splicing and the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-associated protein degradation (ERAD) system represent essential, fat depot-specific components of the adipogenesis that are altered in preadipocytes from obese individuals with metabolic disease.

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