381 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    A new family of StART domain proteins at membrane contact sites has a role in ER-PM sterol transport

    Alberto T Gatta et al.
    A new family of sterol-specific lipid transfer proteins has been found that anchors in the endoplasmic reticulum; some of these proteins stretch across membrane contacts and mediate sterol traffic from the plasma membrane.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    iTAP, a novel iRhom interactor, controls TNF secretion by policing the stability of iRhom/TACE

    Ioanna Oikonomidi et al.
    Secretion of the inflammatory cytokine TNF requires a protein called iTAP/FrmD8, which controls the cell surface stability of the TNF shedding machinery, iRhom2 and TACE/ADAM17.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Genetic diversity of CHC22 clathrin impacts its function in glucose metabolism

    Matteo Fumagalli et al.
    Natural selection shaped CHC22 clathrin genetic variation in humans with different diets and potentially influenced the human insulin response.
    1. Cell Biology

    A microscopy-based kinetic analysis of yeast vacuolar protein sorting

    Jason C Casler, Benjamin S Glick
    In yeast, a fluorescent vacuolar cargo departs from Golgi cisternae early in the TGN stage of maturation, and traffic from prevacuolar endosomes to the vacuole apparently involves a kiss-and-run mechanism.
    1. Cell Biology

    Stapled Golgi cisternae remain in place as cargo passes through the stack

    Gregory Lavieu et al.
    The cisternae of the Golgi contain two functionally distinct domains: the central areas, which remain stationary, and the edges or rims, which are mobile.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Diversity and plasticity in Rab GTPase nucleotide release mechanism has consequences for Rab activation and inactivation

    Lars Langemeyer et al.
    Analysis of multiple guanine exchange factors shows that Rab activation can occur via a number of mechanistically distinct GDP-release pathways.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Characterization of TSET, an ancient and widespread membrane trafficking complex

    Jennifer Hirst et al.
    A missing link between the AP complexes and COPI sheds light on the evolution of vesicle coat proteins and trafficking pathways in the earliest eukaryotes.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Septal secretion of protein A in Staphylococcus aureus requires SecA and lipoteichoic acid synthesis

    Wenqi Yu et al.
    Surface protein precursors traffic to lipoteichoic acid-rich septal membranes of Staphylococcus aureus for cleavage of their YSIRK-GXXS motif signal peptides and SecA-mediated translocation across the plasma membrane.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A novel GTP-binding protein–adaptor protein complex responsible for export of Vangl2 from the trans Golgi network

    Yusong Guo et al.
    The ability of epithelial cells to distinguish between domains on opposing cell surfaces within a tissue, a property known as planar cell polarity, relies on proteins and protein complexes directing the traffic of signaling proteins to specific locations on the cell surface membrane.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An essential dual-function complex mediates erythrocyte invasion and channel-mediated nutrient uptake in malaria parasites

    Daisuke Ito et al.
    Gene knockdowns reveal that the conserved RhopH protein complex functions in both host cell invasion and channel-mediated nutrient uptake in malaria.

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