855 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    A viral fusogen hijacks the actin cytoskeleton to drive cell-cell fusion

    Ka Man Carmen Chan et al.
    A viral fusogen drives cell-cell fusion by hijacking the actin machinery to directly couple actin assembly with a short fusogenic ectodomain.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synergistic actions of v-SNARE transmembrane domains and membrane-curvature modifying lipids in neurotransmitter release

    Madhurima Dhara et al.
    Naturally-occurring v-SNARE TMD variants differentially regulate fusion pore dynamics and cooperate with phospholipids in supporting membrane curvature at the fusion pore neck.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A conserved and regulated mechanism drives endosomal Rab transition

    Lars Langemeyer et al.
    Reconstitution of the endosomal Rab cascade reveals that Rab5 binds and activates the Mon1-Ccz1 guanine nucleotide exchange factor, which in turn recruits Rab7 to membranes to drive fusion.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Lipid accumulation controls the balance between surface connection and scission of caveolae

    Madlen Hubert et al.
    Caveolae sense the membrane lipid composition, which influences their dynamic behavior at the cell surface.
    1. Neuroscience

    β spectrin-dependent and domain specific mechanisms for Na+ channel clustering

    Cheng-Hsin Liu et al.
    β4 spectrin is required to maintain Na+ channels at the axon initial segment since, unlike nodes of Ranvier, β1 spectrin cannot substitute.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    A dynamic interaction between CD19 and the tetraspanin CD81 controls B cell co-receptor trafficking

    Katherine J Susa et al.
    The tetraspanin CD81 uses its ectodomain to export CD19, and the interaction of the two proteins is dynamically regulated by B cell activation state.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Inter-domain dynamics drive cholesterol transport by NPC1 and NPC1L1 proteins

    Piyali Saha et al.
    Molecular analysis of cholesterol transport by NPC1 and NPC1L1 proteins reveals that cholesterol likely moves through these transporters, and ezetimibe blocks NPC1L1 by binding at the interface between multiple domains.
    1. Neuroscience

    Drosophila Synaptotagmin 7 negatively regulates synaptic vesicle release and replenishment in a dosage-dependent manner

    Zhuo Guan et al.
    Drosophila synaptotagmin 7 functions to restrict SV availability and release, but does not act as the Ca2+ sensor mediating the asynchronous release and facilitation remaining in synaptotagmin 1 mutants.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Dissecting the phenotypic and functional heterogeneity of mouse inflammatory osteoclasts by the expression of Cx3cr1

    Maria-Bernadette Madel et al.
    Osteoclasts emerging in inflammation are heterogeneous and encompass a strongly inflammatory subset with a high resorbing activity and an immune suppressive subset that are able to control each other.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A mammalian Wnt5a–Ror2–Vangl2 axis controls the cytoskeleton and confers cellular properties required for alveologenesis

    Kuan Zhang et al.
    Regulation of cellular properties such as ligand secretion and migratory ability through changes in the cytoskeleton mediated by a Wnt5a–Ror2–Vangl2 axis is a major determinant of alveolar formation.

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