1,116 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortical ChAT+ neurons co-transmit acetylcholine and GABA in a target- and brain-region-specific manner

    Adam J Granger et al.
    Most ChAT-expressing interneurons are a subset VIP+ interneurons that differentially release GABA and acetylcholine onto different post-synaptic targets, while a separate population of non-VIP ChAT+ neurons release acetylcholine in mPFC.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Quantitative modeling of the effect of antigen dosage on B-cell affinity distributions in maturating germinal centers

    Marco Molari et al.
    Detailed and inferred model reproduces B-cell affinity distributions measured in mice immunized according to various protocols and explains non-monotonous effects of antigen dosage on maturation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sleep is bi-directionally modified by amyloid beta oligomers

    Güliz Gürel Özcan et al.
    Amyloid beta, the major component of plaques in Alzheimer's disease, acutely and reversibly signals to modulate sleep as a function of oligomeric length, independently of neuronal loss.
    1. Neuroscience

    Recurrent circuitry is required to stabilize piriform cortex odor representations across brain states

    Kevin A Bolding et al.
    Intracortical circuits in mouse olfactory cortex stabilize odor-evoked activity patterns when upstream inputs, from olfactory bulb, become degraded under anesthesia.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    CD56 regulates human NK cell cytotoxicity through Pyk2

    Justin T Gunesch et al.
    CD56/NCAM, the prototypical marker of human natural killer cells, promotes lytic function towards susceptible target cells by signaling through protein tyrosine kinase 2 (Pyk2).
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Cancer systems immunology

    Nathan E Reticker-Flynn, Edgar G Engleman
    Cancer systems immunology is a highly interdisciplinary field that is advancing our ability to understand and predict the complex behavior that orchestrates the interplay between tumors and the immune system.
    1. Neuroscience

    Estimating and interpreting nonlinear receptive field of sensory neural responses with deep neural network models

    Menoua Keshishian et al.
    A comprehensive, data-driven and interpretable nonlinear computational modeling framework based on deep neural networks uncovers different nonlinear transformations of speech signal in the human auditory cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    A Matlab-based toolbox for characterizing behavior of rodents engaged in string-pulling

    Samsoon Inayat et al.
    Analysis methods for video data of rodents engaged in string-pulling behavior have been developed and used to highlight differences in motion profiles of Swiss Webster and C57Bl/6 mice.
    1. Neuroscience

    A size principle for recruitment of Drosophila leg motor neurons

    Anthony W Azevedo et al.
    Motor neurons controlling the leg of the fruit fly exhibit a gradient of physiological and functional properties that correlate with the order in which they fire during behavior.

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