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    1. Neuroscience

    Testing sensory evidence against mnemonic templates

    Nicholas E Myers et al.
    Visual search templates are reactivated only temporarily to act as input filters for target detection.
    1. Neuroscience

    Offline replay supports planning in human reinforcement learning

    Ida Momennejad et al.
    fMRI evidence for off-task replay predicts subsequent replanning behavior in humans, suggesting that learning from simulated experience during replay helps update past policies in reinforcement learning.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Fundamental bound on the persistence and capacity of short-term memory stored as graded persistent activity

    Onur Ozan Koyluoglu et al.
    A fundamental lower-bound on memory recall precision, which declines with storage duration and number of stored items, is derived, and human performance is shown to be well-fit by this theoretical bound.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The quantity of CD40 signaling determines the differentiation of B cells into functionally distinct memory cell subsets

    Takuya Koike et al.
    Unveiling a mechanism for the fate decision of B-cell differentiation into two functionally distinct memory B cell subsets.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Learning: Neural networks subtract and conquer

    Guillaume Hennequin
    Two theoretical studies reveal how networks of neurons may behave during reward-based learning.
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    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience
    Pond snail illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: The unlimited potential of the great pond snail, Lymnaea stagnalis

    István Fodor et al.
    The great pond snail is a multipurpose model organism and a contemporary choice for addressing a wide range of biological questions, problems and phenomena in the laboratory and the field.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Research Culture: Co-reviewing and ghostwriting by early-career researchers in the peer review of manuscripts

    Gary S McDowell et al.
    Early career researchers commonly peer review manuscripts on behalf of invited reviewers, often without receiving feedback or being named to the journal.
    1. Neuroscience

    Decision Making: Remembering to choose the future

    Lesley K Fellows
    A brain region known as the hippocampus is required when people assess different options before making a value-based choice.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Neural Wiring: The circuitry of sex

    Joel Levine
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