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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A novel GTP-binding protein–adaptor protein complex responsible for export of Vangl2 from the trans Golgi network

    Yusong Guo et al.
    The ability of epithelial cells to distinguish between domains on opposing cell surfaces within a tissue, a property known as planar cell polarity, relies on proteins and protein complexes directing the traffic of signaling proteins to specific locations on the cell surface membrane.
    1. Plant Biology

    A virus responds instantly to the presence of the vector on the host and forms transmission morphs

    Alexandre Martinière et al.
    Cauliflower mosaic virus reacts immediately when aphids feed on the host plant, and this boosts its chances of being taken up and transmitted by the insects to a new plant.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    UNC93B1 mediates differential trafficking of endosomal TLRs

    Bettina L Lee et al.
    A transmembrane protein uses distinct mechanisms to regulate the movement of specific toll-like receptors-key immune system components involved in detecting pathogens-to their final locations inside cells.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    De novo modeling of the F420-reducing [NiFe]-hydrogenase from a methanogenic archaeon by cryo-electron microscopy

    Deryck J Mills et al.
    The structure of a large hydrogenase complex involved in the production of methane by microbes has been determined with cryo-electron microscopy.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    LIN-12/Notch signaling instructs postsynaptic muscle arm development by regulating UNC-40/DCC and MADD-2 in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Pengpeng Li et al.
    The Notch signaling pathway has a central role in the formation of the circuit that controls egg-laying in the nematode worm C. elegans.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Sox10-dependent neural crest origin of olfactory microvillous neurons in zebrafish

    Ankur Saxena et al.
    Sensory neurons in the olfactory system develop from two different regions of the ectoderm, the olfactory placode and the cranial neural crest, whereas sensory neurons within the eye and ear develop from just one region.
    1. Neuroscience

    Selection of distinct populations of dentate granule cells in response to inputs as a mechanism for pattern separation in mice

    Wei Deng et al.
    By using different groups of cells to represent distinct environments and events, the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus helps to keep memories of similar events separate.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    SEC24A deficiency lowers plasma cholesterol through reduced PCSK9 secretion

    Xiao-Wei Chen et al.
    COPII vesicles regulate the metabolism of cholesterol through the selective transport of secretory proteins.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Overcoming mutation-based resistance to antiandrogens with rational drug design

    Minna D Balbas et al.
    Mutagenesis studies identified an androgen receptor mutation that converts enzalutamide-a drug recently approved for the treatment of advanced prostate cancer-into an androgen receptor agonist, and modeling studies informed the design of novel drugs that are effective against the mutant receptor.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    A role for PVRL4-driven cell–cell interactions in tumorigenesis

    Natalya N Pavlova et al.
    A protein called PVRL4 has a central role in a number of cancers that originate in epithelial tissue, and anti-PVRL4 antibodies could be used to treat some of these cancers.