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    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Distinct modes of SMAD2 chromatin binding and remodeling shape the transcriptional response to NODAL/Activin signaling

    Davide M Coda et al.
    NODAL/Activin-induced SMAD2 binding directly drives remodeling of both open and closed chromatin and does not directly correlate with temporal patterns of gene expression upon prolonged signaling.
    1. Developmental Biology

    The transcription factor Pitx2 positions the embryonic axis and regulates twinning

    Angela Torlopp et al.
    In higher vertebrates, the position of the embryonic axis (the location at which gastrulation starts) is determined by the transcription factor Pitx2, which suggests that the mechanisms of this process, and hence those that regulate twinning, are related to those that set up the left–right axis.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Unipolar distributions of junctional Myosin II identify cell stripe boundaries that drive cell intercalation throughout Drosophila axis extension

    Robert J Tetley et al.
    Analysing Myosin II unipolar planar polarisation with high spatial and temporal resolution during Drosophila axis extension reveals how tissue boundaries drive polarized cell intercalation while limiting cell mixing.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Lineage commitment of embryonic cells involves MEK1-dependent clearance of pluripotency regulator Ventx2

    Pierluigi Scerbo et al.
    Degradation and asymmetric inheritance during cell division of a core pluripotency regulator contributes to lineage commitment in the early Xenopus embryo.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Dynamic BMP signaling polarized by Toll patterns the dorsoventral axis in a hemimetabolous insect

    Lena Sachs et al.
    During the evolution of insect lineages, a signaling pathway dedicated to pathogen defense was co-opted for a new role in embryonic patterning.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Extracellular interactions and ligand degradation shape the nodal morphogen gradient

    Yin Wang et al.
    Diffusivity, extracellular interactions of Nodal ligands with the receptors and inhibitors, and selective ligand destruction collectively shape the Nodal morphogen gradient.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Response to Nodal morphogen gradient is determined by the kinetics of target gene induction

    Julien Dubrulle et al.
    A kinetic model of morphogen interpretation is more suitable than classic threshold or ratchet models to understand how a signal gradient generates different target gene expression patterns.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Local cell interactions and self-amplifying individual cell ingression drive amniote gastrulation

    Octavian Voiculescu et al.
    A combination of two local cell interactions, intercalation and ingression amplified by a community-effect, is sufficient to explain the global movements of amniote gastrulation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Live tracking of moving samples in confocal microscopy for vertically grown roots

    Daniel von Wangenheim et al.
    A set of tools to image and track growing plant roots in optimized growing conditions within a vertical stage confocal microscope will open up new possibilities in research of root development.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Gene-free methodology for cell fate dynamics during development

    Francis Corson, Eric D Siggia
    Mathematical methods based on geometry that directly embody the developmental concepts of competency, commitment, and determination provide succinct descriptions of morphogenesis and allow quantitative predictions from fits to sparse genetic data in Caenorhabditis elegans.