2,855 results found
    1. Ecology

    Meta-analysis challenges a textbook example of status signalling and demonstrates publication bias

    Alfredo Sánchez-Tójar et al.
    Meta-analysis takes down a textbook example in behavioural and evolutionary ecology, and demonstrates the existence of biases in the current scientific publishing culture.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    A meta-analysis of threats to valid clinical inference in preclinical research of sunitinib

    Valerie C Henderson et al.
    Preclinical efficacy experiments testing sunitinib in animal cancer models display a lack of methodological rigour, with trim-and-fill analysis suggesting prominent publication bias that leads to an overestimation of treatment effect.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Evaluating mesenchymal stem cell therapy for sepsis with preclinical meta-analyses prior to initiating a first-in-human trial

    Manoj M Lalu et al.
    A rigorous and transparent evaluation of mesenchymal stem cell therapy for sepsis suggests it may be efficacious, although the strength of these findings is tempered by threats to validity in the studies that were included.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Efficient analysis of mammalian polysomes in cells and tissues using Ribo Mega-SEC

    Harunori Yoshikawa et al.
    Translationally active polysomes from mammalian cells/tissues are successfully separated with rapidity, high efficiency and exceptional reproducibility by a SEC-based approach, an accessible alternative to the conventional sucrose density gradient analysis.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Research: Adequate statistical power in clinical trials is associated with the combination of a male first author and a female last author

    Willem M Otte et al.
    An analysis of 31,873 clinical trials shows that adequate statistical power was most often present in trials with a male first author and a female last author.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Meta-Research: Why we need to report more than 'Data were Analyzed by t-tests or ANOVA'

    Tracey L Weissgerber et al.
    Many papers in basic biomedical science do not contain the information that is needed to determine what statistical tests were used and to verify the results of these tests.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Meta-Research: Gender variations in citation distributions in medicine are very small and due to self-citation and journal prestige

    Jens Peter Andersen et al.
    In studies of gender disparities in academia, increased focus is required on within-group variability and between-group overlap of distributions when interpreting and reporting results.
    1. Neuroscience

    Aquaporin-4-dependent glymphatic solute transport in the rodent brain

    Humberto Mestre et al.
    An international collaboration between five independent research groups replicates findings confirming the importance of aquaporin-4 in glymphatic solute transport using five different mouse knockout lines.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Standardized mean differences cause funnel plot distortion in publication bias assessments

    Peter-Paul Zwetsloot et al.
    Funnel plots of the Standardized Mean Difference versus the standard error are prone to distortion, leading to false-positive tests for funnel plot asymmetry, and therefore using the Normalised Mean Difference, or a sample size-based precision estimate, are more reliable alternatives.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis for DNA 5´-end resection by RecJ

    Kaiying Cheng et al.
    A structural investigation reveals details of the mechanism by which the nuclease RecJ processes DNA ends to repair double strand breaks.

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