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    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Stress resets ancestral heritable small RNA responses

    Leah Houri-Zeevi et al.
    Various types of stress reset heritable small RNA responses through the function of the p38 MAPK pathway, the transcription factor SKN-1/Nrf2, and the MET-2/SETDB1 putative histone methyltransferase.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Novel genetic loci affecting facial shape variation in humans

    Ziyi Xiong et al.
    A comprehensive genome scan of 18,000 multi-ethnic individuals with 3-dimensional facial images highlighted multiple face-associated genetic loci for which regulatory activities in human neural cells were established.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Seasonal variation and etiologic inferences of childhood pneumonia and diarrhea mortality in India

    Daniel S Farrar et al.
    Nationally-representative verbal autopsies can be linked to seasonal patterns, clinical syndromes, and climate regions to describe novel insights regarding the microbiologic etiologies of childhood pneumonia and diarrhea in India.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Hepatocyte Growth Factor-mediated satellite cells niche perturbation promotes development of distinct sarcoma subtypes

    Deborah Morena et al.
    The functional relevance of stem cell niche perturbation in sarcomagenesis is defined and the mouse model presented provides a rationale for the use of combination therapy for the treatment of genetically heterogeneous sarcomas.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Microbial genetic and transcriptional contributions to oxalate degradation by the gut microbiota in health and disease

    Menghan Liu et al.
    A novel multi-omics framework revealed the taxonomic contribution to microbiota oxalate, demontrated O. formigenes as the dominating taxon transcriptionally, and identified specific IBD cohort at risk for oxalte toxicity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Aquaporin-4-dependent glymphatic solute transport in the rodent brain

    Humberto Mestre et al.
    An international collaboration between five independent research groups replicates findings confirming the importance of aquaporin-4 in glymphatic solute transport using five different mouse knockout lines.
    1. Medicine

    Research: Adequate statistical power in clinical trials is associated with the combination of a male first author and a female last author

    Willem M Otte et al.
    An analysis of 31,873 clinical trials shows that adequate statistical power was most often present in trials with a male first author and a female last author.
  1. Meta-Research: Gender variations in citation distributions in medicine are very small and due to self-citation and journal prestige

    Jens Peter Andersen et al.
    In studies of gender disparities in academia, increased focus is required on within-group variability and between-group overlap of distributions when interpreting and reporting results.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
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    Meta-Research: Releasing a preprint is associated with more attention and citations for the peer-reviewed article

    Darwin Y Fu, Jacob J Hughey
    An analysis of more than 70,000 journal articles, including 5405 that were first released as a preprint on bioRxiv, shows that articles with a preprint received 49% more attention and 36% more citations than articles without one.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Deep learning models predict regulatory variants in pancreatic islets and refine type 2 diabetes association signals

    Agata Wesolowska-Andersen et al.
    Combination of deep learning models trained on tissue-specific genomic data and fine-mapping approaches supports efforts to identify causal variants and mechanisms at GWAS loci.