221 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Independent evolution of ancestral and novel defenses in a genus of toxic plants (Erysimum, Brassicaceae)

    Tobias Züst et al.
    A gain-of-function in a new chemical defense resulted in no trade-offs and and independent evolution between novel and ancestral defenses, suggesting low redundancy among different defensive chemicals.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Metabolite exchange between microbiome members produces compounds that influence Drosophila behavior

    Caleb N Fischer et al.
    Interactions between fungal and bacterial microbiome members alter Drosophila melanogaster's chemical environment, affecting host behavior and survival.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Quantitative H2S-mediated protein sulfhydration reveals metabolic reprogramming during the integrated stress response

    Xing-Huang Gao et al.
    ATF4, the master regulator of transcription during the Integrated Stress Response (ISR), causes global changes in cysteine sulfhydration of proteins and this event causes cellular metabolic reprogramming.
    1. Neuroscience

    Localization, proteomics, and metabolite profiling reveal a putative vesicular transporter for UDP-glucose

    Cheng Qian et al.
    Identification of novel vesicular transporters will shed light on to expanding the chemical diversity of neurotransmitters or neuromodulators.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Respiratory tissue-associated commensal bacteria offer therapeutic potential against pneumococcal colonization

    Soner Yildiz et al.
    A respiratory tissue-associated commensal Lactobacillus strain confers colonization resistance to Streptococcus pneumoniae, when applied therapeutically in a post influenza virus super-infection model.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Parallel global profiling of plant TOR dynamics reveals a conserved role for LARP1 in translation

    M Regina Scarpin et al.
    Plants and humans use a shared mechanism, the eukaryotic metabolic sensor TARGET OF RAPAMYCIN protein kinase and its substrate, an RNA-binding protein called LARP1, to coordinate post-transcriptional gene expression.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    MondoA regulates gene expression in cholesterol biosynthesis-associated pathways required for zebrafish epiboly

    Meltem Weger et al.
    The glucose-sensing transcription factor MondoA regulates zebrafish epiboly via cholesterol biosynthesis genes including the human disease gene Nsdhl, revealing an unknown role for metabolic glucose signalling in vertebrate development.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    JMJD6 cleaves MePCE to release positive transcription elongation factor b (P-TEFb) in higher eukaryotes

    Schuyler Lee et al.
    JMJD6 helps BRD4 to recruit CDK9 to RNA Polymerase II by disrupting 7SK snRNP complex.
    1. Cell Biology

    Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide is transported into mammalian mitochondria

    Antonio Davila et al.
    Stable isotope labeling reveals that NAD crosses the inner membrane of mammalian mitochondria via an unknown transporter.
    1. Neuroscience

    The β-alanine transporter BalaT is required for visual neurotransmission in Drosophila

    Yongchao Han et al.
    BalaT-dependent β-alanine trafficking pathway in retinal pigment cells is critical for maintaining synaptic transmission of photoreceptor neurons in Drosophila.

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