701 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Metage2Metabo, microbiota-scale metabolic complementarity for the identification of key species

    Arnaud Belcour et al.
    Computational models and software connect metagenomics to metabolic network reconstruction, assess metabolic complementarity between species, and identify critical species associated to functions of interest.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Self-establishing communities enable cooperative metabolite exchange in a eukaryote

    Kate Campbell et al.
    A eukaryotic cell model overcomes metabolic deficiencies within a complex, self-establishing community that enables the growth-relevant exchange of metabolic intermediates.
    1. Plant Biology

    Regulation of shoot meristem shape by photoperiodic signaling and phytohormones during floral induction of Arabidopsis

    Atsuko Kinoshita et al.
    The shoot meristem becomes domed in shape during floral transition and this is controlled by flowering pathways and the phytohormone gibberellin causing increases in cell size and number.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Firefly genomes illuminate parallel origins of bioluminescence in beetles

    Timothy R Fallon et al.
    The first genomic view of beetle luciferase evolution indicates evolutionary independence of luciferase between fireflies and click-beetles, and provide valuable datasets which will accelerate the discovery of new biotechnological tools.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Distinct cytoskeletal proteins define zones of enhanced cell wall synthesis in Helicobacter pylori

    Jennifer A Taylor et al.
    The helical bacterium Helicobacter pylori patterns cell wall synthesis using two distinct cytoskeletal proteins, CcmA and MreB, to achieve its characteristic shape.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    An mRNA-binding channel in the ES6S region of the translation 48S-PIC promotes RNA unwinding and scanning

    Irene Díaz-López et al.
    The ES6S region of the small subunit ribosome makes a place for the threading and secondary structure unwinding of mRNA, which regulates genome-wide translation.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution of multicellularity by collective integration of spatial information

    Enrico Sandro Colizzi et al.
    Selection for undifferentiated multicellularity emerges in an evolutionary cell-based model because a collective of cells performs chemotaxis better than single cells in a noisy environment.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Metabolic network percolation quantifies biosynthetic capabilities across the human oral microbiome

    David B Bernstein et al.
    A novel metabolic network analysis method enables large-scale computational predictions of biosynthetic capabilities across the human oral microbiome, revealing a unique cluster of fastidious microorganisms and potential metabolic interdependencies.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rapid purification and metabolomic profiling of synaptic vesicles from mammalian brain

    Lynne Chantranupong et al.
    Extensive mass spectrometry-based profiling of polar metabolites within synaptic vesicles that are rapidly isolated either from cultured mouse neurons or directly from mouse brains reveals their neurotransmitter composition.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    An atlas of cell types in the mouse epididymis and vas deferens

    Vera D Rinaldi et al.
    A systematic survey of the epididymis identifies the cell types involved in post-testicular maturation of sperm.

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