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    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    ENaC-mediated sodium influx exacerbates NLRP3-dependent inflammation in cystic fibrosis

    Thomas Scambler et al.
    Dysfunction and overexpression of ENaC-mediated sodium influx exacerbates activation of NLRP3-inflammasome mediated inflammation in cells with CF-associated mutations and is modulated by inhibition of these amiloride-sensitive sodium (Na+) channels.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Mitochondria supply ATP to the ER through a mechanism antagonized by cytosolic Ca2+

    Jing Yong et al.
    ATP enters the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) lumen through an SLC35B1/AXER-dependentCaATiER mechanism, and ATP usage in the ER renders 'anti-Warburg' effect by increasing ATP regeneration from OxPhos while decreasing glycolysis.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Neural stem cell temporal patterning and brain tumour growth rely on oxidative phosphorylation

    Jelle van den Ameele, Andrea H Brand
    Mitochondrial dysfunction in neural stem cells and brain tumour cells decreases proliferation and affects the generation of neuronal diversity and tumour heterogeneity.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Accelerated phosphatidylcholine turnover in macrophages promotes adipose tissue inflammation in obesity

    Kasparas Petkevicius et al.
    Obesity leads to increased phosphatidylcholine turnover in adipose tissue macrophages that makes them susceptible to saturated fatty acid-induced inflammation.
    1. Cell Biology

    A critical role of VMP1 in lipoprotein secretion

    Hideaki Morishita et al.
    The ER transmembrane protein VMP1 is important for release of lipoproteins from the ER membrane into the ER lumen for secretion.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Single molecule mechanics resolves the earliest events in force generation by cardiac myosin

    Michael S Woody et al.
    Cardiac myosin converts energy from ATP into mechanical work by transitioning from a short-lived force-bearing state, to a post working stroke state before the release of inorganic phosphate.
    1. Cell Biology

    Regulator of G protein signaling 12 enhances osteoclastogenesis by suppressing Nrf2-dependent antioxidant proteins to promote the generation of reactive oxygen species

    Andrew Ying Hui Ng et al.
    Rgs12 protein is a novel regulator of the Nrf2 protein by facilitating the proteasomal degradation of the transcription factor during osteoclast differentiation.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Reduced metabolism supports hypoxic flight in the high-flying bar-headed goose (Anser indicus)

    Jessica U Meir et al.
    Measurements of bar-headed geese flying in a wind tunnel in hypoxia reveal that these birds sustain aerobic flight at high altitude via a reduction in metabolism.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rbfox1 up-regulation impairs BDNF-dependent hippocampal LTP by dysregulating TrkB isoform expression levels

    Francesco Tomassoni-Ardori et al.
    RbFox1 upregulation modulates the expression of hundreds of genes but only dysregulation of the TrkB.T1 receptor isoform expression causes BDNF-dependent LTP impairments.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Imaging of glucose metabolism by 13C-MRI distinguishes pancreatic cancer subtypes in mice

    Shun Kishimoto et al.
    Using noise suppression, real-time imaging of glucose metabolism is possible by 13C MRI and reveals previously undetected metabolic differences within tumors.