668 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    The connectome of the adult Drosophila mushroom body provides insights into function

    Feng Li et al.
    Analysis of neuronal circuit architecture provides mechanistic insights into what an adult fly can learn, remember, and use to guide its behavior.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Controlling opioid receptor functional selectivity by targeting distinct subpockets of the orthosteric site

    Rajendra Uprety et al.
    The structure-based design established a new approach to control pathway-selective activation of opioid receptors, resulting in new dual MOR/KOR G-protein biased agonist analgesics with attenuated liabilities.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Medicine

    An integrative model of cardiometabolic traits identifies two types of metabolic syndrome

    Amit Frishberg et al.
    A novel type of metabolic syndrome, derived from computational modeling of phenotypic diversity in normal physiological settings, increases the risk of certain complex diseases.
    1. Plant Biology

    A multifaceted analysis reveals two distinct phases of chloroplast biogenesis during de-etiolation in Arabidopsis

    Rosa Pipitone et al.
    Serial-Block-Face Scanning Electron Microscopy (SBF-SEM) associated with biomolecular analysis show that chloroplast differentiation proceeds by distinct ‘structure establishment’ and ‘chloroplast proliferation’ phases, each with differential protein and lipid regulation.
    1. Neuroscience

    A prefrontal-bed nucleus of the stria terminalis circuit limits fear to uncertain threat

    Lucas R Glover et al.
    A neural circuit between the prefrontal cortex and bed nucleus of the stria terminalis is shown to limit fear to cues that only partially associate with threat.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Pre-existing bilayer stresses modulate triglyceride accumulation in the ER versus lipid droplets

    Valeria Zoni et al.
    In parallel to protein-driven processes, characteristic physicochemical properties of the endoplasmic reticulum membrane modulate intracellular fat accumulation and lipid droplet formation.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Medicine

    Perinatal granulopoiesis and risk of pediatric asthma

    Benjamin A Turturice et al.
    Perinatal granulopoiesis and cord blood serum PGLYRP-1, a specific granule protein, are altered prior to onset of childhood asthma and provide potential targets for early identification of at-risk populations.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    In-host population dynamics of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex during active disease

    Roger Vargas et al.
    Bulk whole genome sequencing data can be used to study the genetic variation present in pathogenic bacterial populations over the time-course of a single infection within a host.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Tissue-autonomous immune response regulates stress signaling during hypertrophy

    Robert Krautz et al.
    The immune effector Drosomycin buffers stress signaling in hypertrophic salivary glands to inhibit their disintegration, detection by the cellular immune response, and promotes further overgrowth.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Peripheral natural killer cells in chronic hepatitis B patients display multiple molecular features of T cell exhaustion

    Marie Marotel et al.
    Similar to T cell exhaustion, natural killer cell dysfunction in chronic hepatitis B patients results from deregulated calcium pathway.

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