2,117 results found
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Body size-dependent energy storage causes Kleiber’s law scaling of the metabolic rate in planarians

    Albert Thommen et al.
    A combination of experimental and theoretical analysis identifies body size-dependent energy storage as the physiological cause of 3/4-power law scaling of the metabolic rate in planarians.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The human gut chemical landscape predicts microbe-mediated biotransformation of foods and drugs

    Leah Guthrie et al.
    A network of the gut chemical landscape predicts microbe-mediated biotransformation of foods and drugs and supports the generation of mechanistic hypotheses of microbiome metabolic phenotypes that shape human biology.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The cyanobacterial circadian clock follows midday in vivo and in vitro

    Eugene Leypunskiy et al.
    The cyanobacterial core clock tracks midday regardless of day length, which can be understood in terms of a model for how the environment alters the clock limit cycle.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Mitochondrial volume fraction and translation duration impact mitochondrial mRNA localization and protein synthesis

    Tatsuhisa Tsuboi et al.
    Mitochondria can tune the protein synthesis of nuclear-encoded proteins through condition-dependent mRNA localization that is regulated by translation elongation and the geometric constraints of the cell.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Medicine

    NICEdrug.ch, a workflow for rational drug design and systems-level analysis of drug metabolism

    Homa MohammadiPeyhani et al.
    NICEdrug.ch is a resource allowing systematic and large-scale computational analysis of drug biochemistry, enzymatic targets, and toxicity in the context of cellular metabolism.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Functional genomics of lipid metabolism in the oleaginous yeast Rhodosporidium toruloides

    Samuel T Coradetti et al.
    Using barcoded mutagenesis and a high-throughput genetic screen results in the identification of 150 genes that affect lipid accumulation in a non-model yeast system.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Ecology

    Trade-off shapes diversity in eco-evolutionary dynamics

    Farnoush Farahpour et al.
    In a minimalistic, generic model of competitive communities in which evolution is constrained by life-history trade-offs, stable biodiversity emerges with species adapted to different functional niches.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    Remodeling of whole-body lipid metabolism and a diabetic-like phenotype caused by loss of CDK1 and hepatocyte division

    Jin Rong Ow et al.
    Loss of hepatic Cdk1 leads to oxidative stress, increased fatty acids in blood, and hyperinsulinemia, which resulted in insulin resistance and hepatic steatosis, similar as in diabetes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Changes in ferrous iron and glutathione promote ferroptosis and frailty in aging Caenorhabditis elegans

    Nicole L Jenkins et al.
    As worms age reduced glutathione together with increased ferrous iron increases frailty and leads to ferroptosis, which is amenable to therapeutic intervention.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Obesity-linked suppression of membrane-bound O-acyltransferase 7 (MBOAT7) drives non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

    Robert N Helsley et al.
    Loss of function of membrane-bound O-acyltransferase 7 (MBOAT7), but not transmembrane channel-like 4 (TMC4), promotes hepatic steatosis.

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