129 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Single-cell analysis uncovers that metabolic reprogramming by ErbB2 signaling is essential for cardiomyocyte proliferation in the regenerating heart

    Hessel Honkoop et al.
    Single-cell RNA sequencing reveals Nrg1/ErbB2-induced metabolic reprogramming as a pivotal event for cardiomyocyte proliferation during heart regeneration.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    PCK1 and DHODH drive colorectal cancer liver metastatic colonization and hypoxic growth by promoting nucleotide synthesis

    Norihiro Yamaguchi et al.
    The gluconeogenic enzyme PCK1 and pyrimidine nucleotide biosynthetic enzyme DHODH drive hypoxic pyrimidine nucleotide biosynthesis and liver metastatic colonization in colorectal cancer, which is therapeutically exploitable by DHODH pharmacologic inhibition.
    1. Plant Biology

    Homeostasis of branched-chain amino acids is critical for the activity of TOR signaling in Arabidopsis

    Pengfei Cao et al.
    Despite BCAAs being de novo-synthesized in chloroplasts, TOR activation by BCAAs is conserved in plants and triggers a re-organization of actin and actin-associated endomembranes.
    1. Ecology

    Tritrophic metabolism of plant chemical defenses and its effects on herbivore and predator performance

    Ruo Sun et al.
    Genetic manipulation demonstrates the costs and benefits of detoxifying glucosinolate plant defenses in a pest insect and its predator.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Chronic muscle weakness and mitochondrial dysfunction in the absence of sustained atrophy in a preclinical sepsis model

    Allison M Owen et al.
    Sepsis-induced long-term muscle weakness was reproduced using a refined murine model, which was accompanied by mitochondrial dysfunction in the absence of sustained atrophy, suggesting the promise of mitochondria-targeted post-sepsis therapies.
    1. Neuroscience

    Elevating acetyl-CoA levels reduces aspects of brain aging

    Antonio Currais et al.
    A novel neuroprotective pathway that enhances acetyl-CoA metabolism via inhibition of acetyl-CoA carboxylase 1 may prevent the contribution of the aging process in the brain to Alzheimer's disease.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Lactate-mediated epigenetic reprogramming regulates formation of human pancreatic cancer-associated fibroblasts

    Tushar D Bhagat et al.
    Lactate in pancreatic cancer micro-environment can lead to TET enzyme activation and loss of DNA methylation seen in cancer associated fibroblasts.
    1. Cell Biology

    Function of hTim8a in complex IV assembly in neuronal cells provides insight into pathomechanism underlying Mohr-Tranebjærg syndrome

    Yilin Kang et al.
    A neuronal specific function of the mitochondrial chaperone, hTim8a in Complex IV biology provides insight into the pathomechanisms underlying the mitochondrial disease, Mohr-Tranebjaerg syndrome.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Adaptation to mutational inactivation of an essential gene converges to an accessible suboptimal fitness peak

    João V Rodrigues, Eugene I Shakhnovich
    When an essential metabolic gene in E. coli is mutationally inactivated, subsequent evolution rarely reverts the mutation to wild type but rather follows unexpected paths that rewire metabolic fluxes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Metabolic stress is a primary pathogenic event in transgenic Caenorhabditis elegans expressing pan-neuronal human amyloid beta

    Emelyne Teo et al.
    Metabolic defects following expression of Aβ1-42 in nematode neurons are partially caused by inactivation of alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase and can be rescued by Metformin.

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