113 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortical ChAT+ neurons co-transmit acetylcholine and GABA in a target- and brain-region-specific manner

    Adam J Granger et al.
    Most ChAT-expressing interneurons are a subset VIP+ interneurons that differentially release GABA and acetylcholine onto different post-synaptic targets, while a separate population of non-VIP ChAT+ neurons release acetylcholine in mPFC.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sleep is bi-directionally modified by amyloid beta oligomers

    Güliz Gürel Özcan et al.
    Amyloid beta, the major component of plaques in Alzheimer's disease, acutely and reversibly signals to modulate sleep as a function of oligomeric length, independently of neuronal loss.
    1. Neuroscience

    Effects of fluorescent glutamate indicators on neurotransmitter diffusion and uptake

    Moritz Armbruster et al.
    Fluorescent glutamate indicators distort the time course of neurotransmitter diffusion and uptake by competing with transporters, an important caveat to consider when using iGluSnFR and its analogs.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spontaneous and evoked neurotransmission are partially segregated at inhibitory synapses

    Patricia M Horvath et al.
    GABAergic postsynaptic responses mediated by spontaneous and evoked neurotransmitter release are partially segregated, suggesting they may serve distinct roles in neuronal signaling.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synergism of type 1 metabotropic and ionotropic glutamate receptors in cerebellar molecular layer interneurons in vivo

    Jin Bao et al.
    During parallel fibre activity in vivo, postsynaptic mGluR1 receptors in molecular layer interneurons of the cerebellar cortex are engaged in a frequency-dependent manner and in concert with inotropic glutamate receptors.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Caenorhabditis elegans processes sensory information to choose between freeloading and self-defense strategies

    Jodie A Schiffer et al.
    C. elegans nematodes use a sensory-neuronal circuit to determine whether to defend themselves from hydrogen peroxide attack or to freeload off orthologous protective defenses from bacteria in their surrounding environment.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Delta glutamate receptor conductance drives excitation of mouse dorsal raphe neurons

    Stephanie C Gantz et al.
    In mouse brain slices, native delta glutamate receptors carry ionic current and underlie the α1-adrenergic receptor-mediated depolarization of dorsal raphe neurons that drives action potential firing in vivo.
    1. Neuroscience

    Group III metabotropic glutamate receptors gate long-term potentiation and synaptic tagging/capture in rat hippocampal area CA2

    Ananya Dasgupta et al.
    Group III metabotropic glutamate receptor inhibition facilitates synaptic plasticity in the plasticity-resistant synapses of hippocampal area CA2, a brain region critical for social memory.
    1. Neuroscience

    Kainate receptors regulate development of glutamatergic synaptic circuitry in the rodent amygdala

    Maria Ryazantseva et al.
    Glutamatergic projections from basolateral to central amygdala, implicated in neuropsychiatric disorders, develop rapidly during early postnatal period and their development is modulated via endogenously active kainate receptors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Proteome dynamics during homeostatic scaling in cultured neurons

    Aline Ricarda Dörrbaum et al.
    Dynamic SILAC labeling in combination with mass spectrometry revealed substantial regulation of protein synthesis, degradation, turnover, and abundance during homeostatic scaling in neurons.

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