149 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Mayday sustains trans-synaptic BMP signaling required for synaptic maintenance with age

    Jessica M Sidisky et al.
    Maintaining synaptic structure and function over time requires continuous signaling from pathways that are crucial for synapse development.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    New light shed on the early evolution of limb-bone growth plate and bone marrow

    Jordi Estefa et al.
    A three-dimensional investigation of extinct-tetrapod limbs shows that even though bone elongation and blood-cell production are intimately related to mammal long bones, these functions actually appeared successively in tetrapod evolution.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Differential activation of JAK-STAT signaling reveals functional compartmentalization in Drosophila blood progenitors

    Diana Rodrigues et al.
    Comprehensive developmental in situ analysis of the Drosophila lymph gland provides markers highlighting blood progenitor diversity and reveals that JAK-STAT signaling prevents posterior progenitor differentiation, promoting survival after immune challenge.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Rab5 and Rab11 maintain hematopoietic homeostasis by restricting multiple signaling pathways in Drosophila

    Shichao Yu et al.
    Rab5 and Rab11 regulate hematopoietic homeostasis in Drosophila, and this process involves the JNK, Toll, and Ras/EGFR signaling pathways and autophagy.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Hormone-sensitive lipase couples intergenerational sterol metabolism to reproductive success

    Christoph Heier et al.
    An ancestral enzyme tailors allocation of essential lipid resources to the progeny and connects maternal and embryonic sterol metabolism for reproductive success.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Regenerative neurogenic response from glia requires insulin-driven neuron-glia communication

    Neale J Harrison et al.
    Neuronal Ia-2 and glial Kon coordinate an injury-response insulin relay that restores glial cell populations and induces neural stem cells from glia, enabling central nervous system regeneration.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Shore crabs reveal novel evolutionary attributes of the mushroom body

    Nicholas Strausfeld, Marcel E Sayre
    Dramatic phenotypic divergence of crustacean mushroom bodies map to phylogenetic lineages, thereby offering unexplored opportunities for relating divergent cognitive centers to different ecologies and behavioral repertoires required to negotiate them.
    1. Neuroscience

    Temporal evolution of single-cell transcriptomes of Drosophila olfactory projection neurons

    Qijing Xie et al.
    Single-cell transcriptomes of Drosophila olfactory projection neurons correspond to previously defined cell types, exhibit unique characteristics at different developmental stages, and reveal cell-type-specific gene expression programs in development and function.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    The ESCRT machinery regulates retromer-dependent transcytosis of septate junction components in Drosophila

    Hendrik Pannen et al.
    A novel role of endosomal machineries retromer and ESCRT in membrane delivery of Drosophila septate junction components is required for maintenance of junction integrity and epithelial barrier function.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Constitutive activation of cellular immunity underlies the evolution of resistance to infection in Drosophila

    Alexandre B Leitão et al.
    Single-cell transcriptomics of immune cells demonstrates that populations evolve inducible defences when infection rates are low and constitutive defences when infection is common.

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