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    1. Cell Biology

    The transcription factor Hey and nuclear lamins specify and maintain cell identity

    Naama Flint Brodsly et al.
    Hey together with LaminC continuously supervise nuclear organisation and differentiated enterocyte identity, a regulation that is lost upon ageing, resulting in loss of gut homeostasis.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Flexible nitrogen utilisation by the metabolic generalist pathogen Mycobacterium tuberculosis

    Aleksandra Agapova et al.
    Metabolomics and stable isotope labelling studies of virulent Mycobacterium tuberculosis reveal a de-centralised metabolic network able to utilise various amino acids as nitrogen sources to a better extent than ammonium.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Deep evolutionary analysis reveals the design principles of fold A glycosyltransferases

    Rahil Taujale et al.
    Deep mining of GT-A fold sequences provides an evolutionary framework for investigating complex relationships connecting GT-A fold sequence, structure, function and regulation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Translational control of one-carbon metabolism underpins ribosomal protein phenotypes in cell division and longevity

    Nairita Maitra et al.
    Extensive molecular profiling shows how loss of highly similar, paralogous ribosomal proteins lead to distinct phenotypic outputs, through translational control of specific mRNAs.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Independent evolution of ancestral and novel defenses in a genus of toxic plants (Erysimum, Brassicaceae)

    Tobias Züst et al.
    A gain-of-function in a new chemical defense resulted in no trade-offs and and independent evolution between novel and ancestral defenses, suggesting low redundancy among different defensive chemicals.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Quantitative analysis of how Myc controls T cell proteomes and metabolic pathways during T cell activation

    Julia M Marchingo et al.
    Myc-dependent induction of amino acid transporter expression in response to T cell receptor activation is essential to enable T cell proteome remodelling upon immune activation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Reactive oxygen species regulate activity-dependent neuronal plasticity in Drosophila

    Matthew CW Oswald et al.
    Reactive oxygen species, previously considered damaging agents linked to pathology, are required for normal neuronal plasticity, including adjustment of synaptic terminal size, maintenance of synaptic physiology and adaptive behavioural responses.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structures reveal opening of the store-operated calcium channel Orai

    Xiaowei Hou et al.
    The structure of the calcium channel Orai in an open conformation reveals a dilated pore and gives insight into mechanisms of ion permeation and calcium selectivity.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Aurora kinase A localises to mitochondria to control organelle dynamics and energy production

    Giulia Bertolin et al.
    AurkA is imported into mitochondria at interphase, and it induces organelle elongation and enhances ATP production when over-expressed.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The multi-subunit GID/CTLH E3 ubiquitin ligase promotes cell proliferation and targets the transcription factor Hbp1 for degradation

    Fabienne Lampert et al.
    Proteomic, biochemical and cell-based analyses of the heterodecameric core GID/CTLH E3 ligase complex reveal its molecular architecture, activity determinants, and function in targeting the tumor suppressor Hbp1 and other substrates required for cell proliferation.