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    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A sulfur-aromatic gate latch is essential for opening of the Orai1 channel pore

    Priscilla S-W Yeung et al.
    Electrophysiological and molecular modeling studies identify a sulfur-aromatic interaction between the hydrophobic channel gate and a nearby methionine residue, termed the "gate latch", which is essential for Orai1 pore opening.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    PARP1 inhibitors trigger innate immunity via PARP1 trapping-induced DNA damage response

    Chiho Kim et al.
    Identification of PARP1 trapping as the major contributor of PARP1 inhibitor-induced innate immune response.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Site-specific effects of neurosteroids on GABAA receptor activation and desensitization

    Yusuke Sugasawa et al.
    Differential, state-dependent occupancy of three discrete binding sites on α1β3 GABAA receptors determines whether a specific neurosteroid analogue potentiates or inhibits GABA-elicited currents or competitively antagonizes neurosteroid action.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Ciliate mitoribosome illuminates evolutionary steps of mitochondrial translation

    Victor Tobiasson, Alexey Amunts
    The ciliate mitoribosome structure provides new insights into the diversity of translation and its evolution.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Stem cell-derived cranial and spinal motor neurons reveal proteostatic differences between ALS resistant and sensitive motor neurons

    Disi An et al.
    Stem cell-derived motor neurons with differential ALS vulnerability identified proteasome activity as a possible mechanism that explains their differential sensitivity.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure-based analysis of CysZ-mediated cellular uptake of sulfate

    Zahra Assur Sanghai et al.
    Structures of CysZ show a antiparallel membrane protein with an unanticipated fold and together with functional characterization provide insight into a bacterial sulfate translocating system.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Discovery and characterization of a prevalent human gut bacterial enzyme sufficient for the inactivation of a family of plant toxins

    Nitzan Koppel et al.
    A unique, widely distributed gut bacterial enzyme selectively metabolizes plant-derived cardiac glycoside drugs.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Insight into the evolution of microbial metabolism from the deep-branching bacterium, Thermovibrio ammonificans

    Donato Giovannelli et al.
    The genome of Thermovibrio ammonificans encodes ancestral pathways (e.g., hydrogen oxidation) and more recently acquired ones (e.g., nitrate reduction) and a hybrid pathway for CO2 fixation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    ETO family protein Mtgr1 mediates Prdm14 functions in stem cell maintenance and primordial germ cell formation

    Nataliya Nady et al.
    The Mtgr1 protein promotes the maintenance of pluripotency and germ cell formation via its interaction with the stem cell regulator Prdm14.
    1. Neuroscience

    APP and APLP2 interact with the synaptic release machinery and facilitate transmitter release at hippocampal synapses

    Tomas Fanutza et al.
    A naturally occurring intracellular peptide, derived by processing the Alzheimer's protein APP, reduces synaptic transmission by acting as a dominant negative of APP.