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    1. Neuroscience

    Potentiation of cerebellar Purkinje cells facilitates whisker reflex adaptation through increased simple spike activity

    Vincenzo Romano et al.
    Physiological and behavioral analyses show that expression of cerebellar whisker learning can be mediated by increased simple spike activity, depending on LTP induction at parallel fiber to Purkinje cell synapses.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Electron cryo-microscopy structure of the canonical TRPC4 ion channel

    Deivanayagabarathy Vinayagam et al.
    Structural insights into the architecture and functional properties of zebrafish TRPC4 are revealed by high-resolution cryo-EM.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    An unfolded protein-induced conformational switch activates mammalian IRE1

    G Elif Karagöz et al.
    ER-stress sensing mechanism of the unfolded protein response sensor/transducer IRE1 is conserved from yeast to mammals, where in mammals, unfolded protein binding to IRE1's ER lumenal domain is coupled to its oligomerization and activation through an allosteric conformational change.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Implications of the differing roles of the β1 and β3 transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains for integrin function

    Zhenwei Lu et al.
    Diverse biophysical properties of β1 and β3 integrin transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains result in distinct mechanisms of integrin activation and function.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct roles of NMDA receptors at different stages of granule cell development in the adult brain

    Yangling Mu et al.
    NMDARs promote spine formation to control survival of adult-born granule cells, but gauge spine enlargement and recruitment of AMPARs in both developing and mature neurons.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure and physiological function of the human KCNQ1 channel voltage sensor intermediate state

    Keenan C Taylor et al.
    The intermediate state conformation of the human KCNQ1 potassium channel voltage sensor domain was determined, validated, and shown to be conductive under physiological conditions.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A stochastic neuronal model predicts random search behaviors at multiple spatial scales in C. elegans

    William M Roberts et al.
    A stochastic model of locomotory control in C. elegans based on an extensive new set of tracking data can explain and predict effects of ablations and mutations on behavior.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Functional roles of Mg2+ binding sites in ion-dependent gating of a Mg2+ channel, MgtE, revealed by solution NMR

    Tatsuro Maruyama et al.
    Nuclear magnetic resonance analysis revealed the structural and dynamical changes in MgtE during the channel closure caused by the cooperative Mg2+-binding, which had remained undescribed only by a static crystal structure.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural mapping of oligomeric intermediates in an amyloid assembly pathway

    Theodoros K Karamanos et al.
    Solution NMR provides structural and kinetic information about oligomers on pathway to amyloid fibrils that are precisely structured but not cytotoxic.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    STIL binding to Polo-box 3 of PLK4 regulates centriole duplication

    Christian Arquint et al.
    Binding of STIL to PLK4's characteristic Polo-box 3 links PLK4 kinase activation to STIL self-association and is a crucial regulatory step for the localized recruitment of downstream factors in centriole duplication.