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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Methylation of histone H3K23 blocks DNA damage in pericentric heterochromatin during meiosis

    Romeo Papazyan et al.
    A previously unappreciated histone methylation pathway helps limit DNA double-strand break formation and recombination in heterochromatin during meiosis.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    DNA methylation directs genomic localization of Mbd2 and Mbd3 in embryonic stem cells

    Sarah J Hainer et al.
    Two methyl-binding domain proteins have interdependent functions in embryonic stem cells, and this interdependency extends to the DNA methylation/hydroxymethylation machinery.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    An epigenetic switch ensures transposon repression upon dynamic loss of DNA methylation in embryonic stem cells

    Marius Walter et al.
    The various transposon families of the mammalian genome can adopt different types of repressive chromatin responses upon DNA methylation loss.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Methylation of RNA polymerase II non-consensus Lysine residues marks early transcription in mammalian cells

    João D Dias et al.
    Lysine mono- and di-methylation are two novel post-translational modifications of RNA polymerase II, which are enriched at promoters of active genes, precede lysine acetylation and mark early stages of transcription.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    Set7 mediated Gli3 methylation plays a positive role in the activation of Sonic Hedgehog pathway in mammals

    Lin Fu et al.
    Methylation of Gli3 by Set7 enhances the activation of Hedgehog signaling and contributes to tumor growth and metastasis in vitro and in vivo.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Plant Biology

    DNA methylation in Arabidopsis has a genetic basis and shows evidence of local adaptation

    Manu J Dubin et al.
    The adaptation of Arabidopsis plants to the local environment is linked to DNA methylation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    High-throughput engineering of a mammalian genome reveals building principles of methylation states at CG rich regions

    Arnaud R Krebs et al.
    Large numbers of DNA sequence variants comprehensively define how transcription factor binding sites and CG density preserve mammalian promoters from repression by DNA methylation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    ASH1-catalyzed H3K36 methylation drives gene repression and marks H3K27me2/3-competent chromatin

    Vincent T Bicocca et al.
    While SET-2 methylates histone H3K36 during transcription, ASH1 methylates this residue in repressed regions, is important for silencing, and can both positively and negatively influence methylation of histone H3K27.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A whole lifespan mouse multi-tissue DNA methylation clock

    Margarita V Meer et al.
    A robust mouse multi-tissue age predictor is presented that can be used to assess the DNA methylation age of mouse tissues and test the effects of longevity interventions.