2,676 results found
    1. Ecology

    Rarity is a more reliable indicator of land-use impacts on soil invertebrate communities than other diversity metrics

    Andrew Dopheide et al.
    Rarity metrics reveal pervasive negative impacts of agricultural land use on soil invertebrate communities, whereas widely-used richness and diversity metrics underestimate the magnitude of these impacts.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    A single, continuous metric to define tiered serum neutralization potency against HIV

    Peter Hraber et al.
    To quantify serum or antibody activity against HIV-1, logistic regression of single-dilution neutralization outcomes can efficiently summarize neutralization potency and indicate which samples may lack sufficient statistical support, for high-throughput screening in large-scale vaccine trials.
    1. Neuroscience

    Environmental deformations dynamically shift the grid cell spatial metric

    Alexandra T Keinath et al.
    When a familiar environment is reshaped, the grid cell spatial code is dynamically anchored to recently encountered boundaries and changes throughout exploration with the specific movement history of the navigator.
    1. Neuroscience

    Visual landmarks sharpen grid cell metric and confer context specificity to neurons of the medial entorhinal cortex

    José Antonio Pérez-Escobar et al.
    The firing rate of MEC neurons conveys information about visual landmarks.
  1. Meta-Research: How significant are the public dimensions of faculty work in review, promotion and tenure documents?

    Juan P Alperin et al.
    An analysis of review, promotion and tenure documents from 129 US and Canadian universities suggests institutions could better fulfill their public missions by changing how they incentivize the public dimensions of faculty work.
  2. Research Culture: Setting the right tone

    Tanita Casci, Elizabeth Adams
    Improving the research culture of an institution may lead to a fairer, more rewarding and successful environment, but how do you start making changes?
  3. Point of View: Hidden value

    Brooke Morriswood, Oliver Hoeller
    The fact that it is difficult to evaluate and compare the outputs of individual researchers might actually be good for science.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Addressing the ethical issues raised by synthetic human entities with embryo-like features

    John Aach et al.
    Guidelines governing research into embryos need to be updated in a way that reflects the moral status of synthetic human entities generated using the methods of synthetic biology.
  4. Living Science: In numbers we trust?

    Eve Marder
    Scientists go to great lengths to ensure that data are collected and analysed properly, so why do they apply different standards to data about the number of times research papers have been cited and viewed?
    1. Human biology and medicine

    Point of View: Why clinical translation cannot succeed without failure

    Alex John London, Jonathan Kimmelman
    The high rates of attrition that occur in drug development are widely regarded as problematic, but the failure of well-designed studies benefits both researchers and healthcare systems.

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