50 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Discovery of a metabolic alternative to the classical mevalonate pathway

    Nikki Dellas et al.
    A combination of phylogenetic and biochemical analyses suggest that some unexpected variations in the synthesis of isoprenoids may be widespread across all three domains of life.
    1. Medicine
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genomic variations of the mevalonate pathway in porokeratosis

    Zhenghua Zhang et al.
    Mutations in four members of the mevalonate pathway have been identified from 134 index porokeratosis patients, including some that correlate with specific clinical manifestations of the disease.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Identification of a transporter complex responsible for the cytosolic entry of nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates

    Zhou Yu et al.
    Identification of a transporter complex comprised of SLC37A3 and ATRAID is required for nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates to enter the cytosol from lysosomes and exert their therapeutic effects on bone.
    1. Cell Biology

    Mitochondrial CoQ deficiency is a common driver of mitochondrial oxidants and insulin resistance

    Daniel J Fazakerley et al.
    Lower mitochondrial coenzyme Q was a consistent feature across multiple in vitro and in vivo models of insulin resistance and was sufficient to cause insulin resistance through increased mitochondrial oxidants.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The NTP generating activity of pyruvate kinase II is critical for apicoplast maintenance in Plasmodium falciparum

    Russell P Swift et al.
    The pyruvate kinase contained in the apicoplast organelle of malaria parasites makes the nucleotide triphosphates required for several processes including transcription of the organellar genome.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Enhanced ER-associated degradation of HMG CoA reductase causes embryonic lethality associated with Ubiad1 deficiency

    Youngah Jo et al.
    Embryonic lethality associated with deficiency of UBIAD1, which synthesizes a vitamin K2 subtype, results from aberrant ER-associated degradation of the cholesterol biosynthetic enzyme HMG CoA reductase.
    1. Cell Biology

    Bmal1 integrates mitochondrial metabolism and macrophage activation

    Ryan K Alexander et al.
    Macrophage Bmal1 controls the timing of the glycolytic to oxidative metabolism transition that dictates the extent of Hif-1a activation and the associated inflammatory response.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Sterol homeostasis requires regulated degradation of squalene monooxygenase by the ubiquitin ligase Doa10/Teb4

    Ombretta Foresti et al.
    Parallel branches of the ERAD pathway regulate sterol synthesis at multiple steps via feedback inhibition.
    1. Cell Biology

    The sterol-responsive RNF145 E3 ubiquitin ligase mediates the degradation of HMG-CoA reductase together with gp78 and Hrd1

    Sam A Menzies et al.
    CRISPR/Cas9 genome-wide screens using sterol-sensitive endogenous HMG-CoA reductase (HMGCR) reporter identify the sterol-responsive RNF145 and gp78 as independently responsible for sterol-accelerated degradation of HMGCR, the rate-limiting enzyme of cholesterol biosynthesis.

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